dfelt

Motors Of History, Including the 1916 Hybrid with Regenerative brakes

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dfelt    1,861

Motors Of History, Including the 1916 Hybrid with Regenerative brakes!

C&D did this history of motors that have made a mark, have to say awesome that in 1916 the first Hybrid powertrain was produced with regenerative brakes. Shows it just took 100 years to make it a variable reality. 14HP ICE and 6HP EV. 

http://www.caranddriver.com/flipbook/engines-au-naturel-an-unfettered-look-under-the-hood-at-some-of-historys-most-significant-engines

Love the steam motors, turbines, etc. So cool. Check it out.

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      13 Little-Known
      Punctuation Marks We Should Be Using

      Adrienne
      Crezo


      Because sometimes periods, commas, colons, semi-colons, dashes, hyphens, apostrophes, question marks, exclamation points, quotation marks, brackets, parentheses, braces, and ellipses won't do.


      1. Interrobang

      You probably already know the interrobang, thanks to its excellent moniker and increasing popularity. Though the combination exclamation point and question mark can be replaced by using one of each (You did what!? or You don't read mental_floss?!), it's fun to see the single glyph getting a little more love lately.


      2. Percontation Point or Rhetorical Question Mark




      The backward question mark was proposed by Henry Denham in 1580 as an end to a rhetorical question, and was used until the early 1600s.


      3. Irony Mark




      It looks a lot like the percontation point, but the irony mark's location is a bit different, as it is smaller, elevated, and precedes a statement to indicate its intent before it is read. Alcanter de Brahm introduced the idea in the 19th century, and in 1966 French author Hervé Bazin proposed a similar
      glyph in his book, Plumons l’Oiseau, along with 5 other innovative marks.


      4. Love Point




      Among Bazin's proposed new punctuation was the love point, made of two question marks, one mirrored, that share a point. The intended use, of course, was to denote a statement of affection or love, as in "Happy anniversary [love point]" or "I have warm fuzzies [love point]" If it were easier to type, I think this one might really take off.


      5. Acclamation Point




      Bazin described this mark as "the stylistic representation of those two little flags that float above the tour bus when a president comes to town." Acclamation is a "demonstration of goodwill or welcome,"
      so you could use it to say "I'm so happy to see you [acclamationpoint]" or "Viva Las Vegas [acclamationpoint]"


      6. Certitude Point




      Need to say something with unwavering conviction? End your declaration with the certitude point, another of Bazin's designs.


      7. Doubt Point




      This is the opposite of the certitude point, and thus is used to end a sentence with a note of skepticism.


      8. Authority Point




      Bazin's authority point "shades your sentence" with a note of expertise, "like a parasol over a sultan." (Well, I was there and that's what happened.) Likewise, it's also used to indicate an order or advice
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      9. SarcMark




      The SarcMark (short for "sarcasm mark") was invented, copyrighted and trademarked by Paul Sak, and while it hasn't seen widespread use, Sak markets it as "The official, easy-to-use punctuation mark to emphasize a sarcastic phrase, sentence or message." Because half the fun of sarcasm is pointing it out [sarcMark].


      10. Snark Mark




      This, like the copyrighted SarcMark, is used to indicate that a sentence should be understood beyond the literal meaning. Unlike the SarcMark, this one is copyright free and easy to type: it's just a period followed by a tilde.


      11. Asterism




      This cool-looking but little-used piece of punctuation used to be the divider between subchapters in books or to indicate minor breaks in a long text. It's almost obsolete, since books typically now use three asterisks in a row to break within chapters (***) or simply skip an extra line. It seems a shame to waste such a great little mark, though. Maybe we should bring this one back.


      12 & 13. Exclamation Comma & Question Comma




      Now you can be excited or inquisitive without having to end a sentence! A Canadian patent was filed for these in 1992, but it lapsed in 1995, so use them freely, but not too often.




      Read the full text here: http://mentalfloss.com/article/12710/13-little-known-punctuation-marks-we-should-be-using#ixzz2KcZWRhyi


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      In 1928, the federal
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      McKinley ($500), Grover Cleveland ($1,000), James Madison ($5,000) and Salmon
      P. Chase ($10,000).



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