Sign in to follow this  
VenSeattle

2007 COMPACT SIX-SPEED FWD AND AWD TRANSMISSION

8 posts in this topic

VenSeattle    8

INNOVATIVE, COMPACT SIX-SPEED FWD AND AWD TRANSMISSION HANDLES HIGH TORQUE AND BOASTS SMOOTH SHIFTING; AIDS FUEL EFFICIENCY

Clever and efficient transmission to debut on 2007 Saturn Aura and Outlook

  • On-axis design enables spacious packaging
  • Worldwide dimension leader
  • Advanced clutch-to-clutch shift operation
  • Wide 6.04:1 overall ratio spread
  • Co-developed by GM and Ford Motor Co.
  • AWD available in new Outlook crossover
  • Engine torque capacity from 280 lb.-ft. to 300 lb.-ft.
  • Shift speeds up to 7000 rpm
  • 32-bit intelligent controller included in sophisticated internal transmission electro- hydraulic control module (TEHCM) with 2MB memory
  • Calibrated for quick launch and fuel-efficient cruising
  • Built at GM Powertrain’s assembly plant in Warren, Mich.
NEW YORK – The new Hydra-Matic 6T70 and 6T75 six-speed automatic transmissions are making their debut in the all-new 2007 front-wheel drive Saturn Aura midsize sedan and the front- or all-wheel drive 2007 Saturn Outlook crossover SUV. General Motors co-developed this transaxle with Ford Motor Co., the result being a new six-speed featuring state-of-the-art dimensions and enabling both spacious packaging and potential safety design opportunities.

The 6T70/75’s clutch-to-clutch operation allows for reduced complexity and compact packaging, which enables the transmission’s three gearsets to be on the same axis as the engine crankshaft. This reduces the amount of room necessary in the engine compartment for the drivetrain, both front-to-back and top-to-bottom. The compact size allows vehicle designers to optimize interior room, as well as lower the hoodline for aerodynamic efficiency.

The spread of ratios between first and sixth gear is a wide 6.04:1 overall ratio. This means a lower first gear helps the engine accelerate the vehicle from a stop, and the high top gear lets the engine operate as slowly as possible during cruising. As a result, performance is improved by approximately 6 percent to 8 percent, and fuel economy is improved by 2 percent to 4 percent, when compared to a four-speed automatic transmission. The first gear is a very low 4.48:1, while the sixth gear is a 0.74:1 overdrive, which reduces rpm at high speeds, thereby reducing engine noise and vibrations. Fifth gear is a 1:1 direct drive ratio. The final drive ratios can be tailored to each vehicle’s performance requirements, and the design allows a wide variety of final drive ratios. For the Saturn Outlook, the final drive ratio is 3.16:1, while the Aura sedan uses a taller 2.77:1 ratio.

The 6T70 is rated for engines up to 315 horsepower and 280 lb.-ft. of torque, and with its larger transfer gears, a five-pinion input carrier and beefier structural ribbing on its aluminum case, the 6T75 can handle engines up to 315 horsepower and 300 lb.-ft. of torque.

The co-development by GM and Ford meant that many common components of the transmission are shared, along with the on-axis design; but the controls, calibrations and operation of the transmission are unique to each company. Costs and development time were reduced in some areas by 50 percent because of the co-development process.

“The additional gear states are almost like having two transmissions in one,” said Bob Vargo, assistant chief engineer for the new transaxle. “The low first gear provides tremendous off-the-line acceleration, but the transmission is able to use the middle gears to evenly distribute the torque and offers an overdrive sixth gear that helps deliver great fuel economy.”

Because there are six gears instead of four, the difference between ratios is less than in a four-speed automatic, giving the vehicle more options for using the best ratio for speed and load conditions. For example, with the transmission in an optimum ratio on a hill, the engine will not need to downshift or upshift unnecessarily. Driver Shift Control further reduces shift events by allowing the driver to select a desired gear for certain road conditions, such as steep and long hills, and automatic grade braking for descending hills. Automatic grade braking reduces brake pedal usage by calculating the rate of acceleration while descending a hill, and retaining a lower gear in the transmission.

The electronic controls are designed so that the shift feel is calibrated specifically to either the new midsize sedans or the new midsize crossover vehicles through the timing of the shifts and torque converter lockup speeds. The space-saving hyper-elliptical, narrow section torque converter uses a single-plate lockup clutch that employs GM’s proprietary ECCC (electronic converter clutch control) to dampen driveline vibrations.

The Hydra-Matic 6T70/75’s highlights:

  • Dimensions of 357 mm in length and 197 mm in width approach those of some manual transmissions, and are among the most compact for a six-speed automatic, and for front- and all-wheel drive vehicles with transverse-mounted powertrains
  • Clutch-to-clutch shift operation for all shifts except 1-2 reduces mechanical complexity and mass, and is calibrated for smooth shift feel
  • Integrated transmission electro-hydraulic control module (TEHCM) with driver shift control (DSC), auto grade braking for consistent speed in hilly terrain and while towing or fully loaded
  • Internal control module reduces powertrain complexity
  • Heat-treated gears are honed for a more precise fit, reducing noise, vibration and harshness
  • Hyper-elliptical, narrow-section torque converter enhances packaging and maintains efficiency
  • Reduced number of seals for stronger input shaft design
  • Adjustable capacity vane-type fluid pump enhances fuel economy
Although used in some low-volume, high-performance sports cars and luxury sedans, six-speed transmissions are rare in midsize sedans and most high-volume midsize SUVs. GM and Ford Motor Co. recognized a need for a transmission that could accommodate increased powertrain performance while delivering excellent fuel economy. The compact size and reduced complexity afforded by the clutch-to-clutch, on-axis design allowed engineers to provide improved performance and economy with six forward speeds.

With its wide ratio spread and capacity for high-torque engines, the 6T70/75 has the capability to transfer more torque to the drive wheels, particularly in the all-wheel drive Outlook. It also helps vehicles to feel livelier at lower speeds for a given engine, particularly at launch or when starting from a stoplight.

The 6T70/75’s advanced clutch-to-clutch operation is designed for smooth shift feel and packaging efficiency. All shifts except 1-2 (the transmission “free wheels” in first) feature clutch-to-clutch operation. The sophisticated electronic controls allow timing the clutch-to-clutch engagements and disengagements so that the transfer of power from one gear to the next is transparent to the driver. The three conventional planetary gears, with three stationary clutches and two rotating clutches, can be packaged in a smaller space without additional freewheeling mechanisms. It’s a simple, less complex design that enables the packaging of six gears in the space of a four-speed automatic.

A sophisticated transmission electro-hydraulic control module (TEHCM) is mounted inside the 6T70/75, reducing vehicle complexity. Similar to the control system used in the Hydra-Matic six-speed rear-wheel drive transmissions, the TEHCM offers improved quality through its hard-wired connections and pre-calibration during the controller’s manufacture.

The unit is located entirely within the transmission and operates while bathed in transmission fluid. Locating the controller internally facilitates the modular design and assembly strategy while also shielding the unit from the outside environment. Temperatures are consistent inside the transmission.

GM’s proprietary model-based controls strategy reaches a greater level of sophistication in the new transverse six-speed transmission family, said Vargo. The 32-bit system incorporates three levels of “learning” that actually allow the components to adapt to one another.

It is not uncommon to have a transmission-control module that adapts to the specific transmission with which it is mated; however, the 6T70/75 accomplishes this with two steps: when the control module assembly is manufactured, and when it is installed inside the transmission.

As with other GM transmissions, the programming optimizes performance characteristics according to a variety of vehicle inputs. Finally, the new six-speed automatic adds another level of adaptability. Certain components within the major subsystems that make up the transmission “learn” from one another – via the controller software – in a unique form of self-adaptation that maximizes the interface of all the “networked” components. This procedure takes place as the transmission “tests” itself and the interaction of its internal components before it is shipped from the assembly plant.

The TEHCM also enables performance-oriented and driver-controllable shift features, including driver shift control (DSC) “tap shift” and auto-grade braking for the midsize SUV and Performance Algorithm Shifting (PAS) for the midsize sedan. PAS recognizes a driver’s particular style of throttle and brake application and essentially “reads his or her mind” and predicts which gear will be most advantageous for performance driving or economical cruising.

SPECIFICATIONS

HYDRA-MATIC 6T70 (MH2), 6T75 (MY9, MH6 AWD) SIX-SPEED AUTOMATIC

Type: six-speed transverse, electronically controlled, automatic overdrive transmission

Maximum engine horsepower: 315

Maximum engine torque: 280 to 300 lb-ft

Maximum gearbox torque: 380 lb-ft

Gear ratios:

First: 4.48

Second: 2.87

Third: 1.84

Fourth: 1.41

Fifth: 1.00

Sixth: 0.74

Reverse: 2.88

Final drive ratio: 3.16 (FWD / AWD); 2.73 (FWD)

5-position quadrant: P, R, N, D, (M)

Case material: die-cast aluminum

Shift pattern: (2) three-way on/off solenoids

Shift quality: five variable bleed solenoids

Torque converter clutch: variable bleed solenoid

Converter size: 258 mm

Transmission weight (kg / lb): 102 / 273 (wet)

Fluid type: Dexron® VI

Fluid capacity (L / qt): 9.0

Assembly site: Warren , Mich.

Additional features: clutch-to-clutch operation (except 1-2); integrated transmission electro-hydraulic control module with driver shift control and performance algorithm shifting

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
ponchoman49    23

Yikes thats a 1.61 drop from first gear to second, which compares to 1.35 for the old 4T65 tranny. However the first gear is far more aggressive than the 4 speeds 2.92 forst gear and the 6 speeds 2.87 second gear nearly matches the 4 speeds first gear. Can't wait to see how this tranny performs in the real world.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
T-Keith    0

Basically the transmission will be relying on the torque converter less. A small gain in acceleration and a decent gain in fuel economy.

Nothing to get too exicted about really. I'd be more worried about increased torque steer from the different length drive shafts.

Transmission speeds are overhyped on this forum, and elsewhere.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Drew Dowdell    5,000

Co-developed by GM and Ford Motor Co.

Hopefully this means "Developed by GM, 50% of the bill paid for by Ford"

Seriously, automatic transmissions are not Ford's strong suit. Knock GM for lots of things, but the quality of their transmissions* is definately leader of the pack.

*When paired with an appropriate engine.... sadly with GM, that doesn't always happen.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Paolino    99

I'd be relunctant to buy an all new tranmission in its first year of production.

Mark

Same here. Fortunately I'm so broke-ass, this won't be a problem :lol::lol:

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Stiltz    0

Hopefully this means "Developed by GM, 50% of the bill paid for by Ford"

That is exactly what happened. Ford decided to slightly modify their version, so they are anything but identical. GM does get around $35 for every Ford version sold though.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Your content will need to be approved by a moderator

Guest
You are commenting as a guest. If you have an account, please sign in.
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoticons maximum are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Sign in to follow this