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    Five Countries and Eight U.S. States Want To Ban Sales of Gas Vehicles By 2050


    • 2050 Will See No More Gas Cars In Certain Countries and States

    By 2050, eight states in the U.S. and five countries will ban the sale gas powered vehicles and only allow zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) to be sold.

     

    Car and Driver reports that eight states (California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Vermont) and five countries (Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Quebec, the United Kingdom) will only allow automakers to sell ZEVs by 2050. The announcement was made against the backdrop of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP21) taking place in Paris. The two groups point that only selling ZEVs allow emissions to be cut by 40 percent, temperatures will stabilize, and a number of other benefits.

     

    But there are some stumbling blocks to this goal. The biggest one is can countries and states ban the sale of gas vehicles. There's also the question of whether people will be interested in buying a ZEV.

     

    Source: Car and Driver

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    When in Hell did Québec become a country?

     

    There was only two referendums, in 1981 and in 1996, and both times the answer was NO!!!

     

    Alls I know...Pauline Marois better not read that article from Car and Driver, délusions of grandeur have been curtailed, we dont want any false hopes...I mean, just because the Force has awakened that separatists in Québec also have to be awakened...

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    It is interesting to see how many people from various states and countries have gone to the climate change meeting in France and are jumping in with little knowledge.

     

    Over all I think we should have hybrids and EVs that can easily cover 200-300 miles by 2050 so banning all petrol autos for the citizens is understandable. I question if this can be done for police, fire, businesses, etc.

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    Don't see it happening....I do much less gas being used as cars will be powered by both gas and voltage...

     

     

    With the population growth currently, more likely will see a rise in public transportation....

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    Public Transportation will only work if Politicians stop playing games of wasting on pie in the sky projects and takes a common sense approach to mass transit. Right now that is not happening and we have the worst mass transit in the world compared to Europe or Asian rim.

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    mass transit controls where and when you can go.  A road gives you the chance to set your own route, and schedule.  Mass transit ought to never become the predominant route of transport for the masses.  

     

    But news flash, the govs and the techies will be in cahoots to push the automated car agenda and this is what is not mentioned here.  If we are forced into self driving cars exclusively, then they really have us by the nuts.  Sure, you can summon a car when you need, but then you have no control over if 'the grid' slows you down to 35 mph.  It could f over your day if you want to change your route and the 'system' says, 'oh, too much traffic on road 6, so its closed for the next two hours, sorry'.

     

    So between this electric only push (which is silly, we need 'fuel diversity') and self driving cars, they really will be putting the screws to us.

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    Public Transportation will only work if Politicians stop playing games of wasting on pie in the sky projects and takes a common sense approach to mass transit. Right now that is not happening and we have the worst mass transit in the world compared to Europe or Asian rim.

    Don't kid yourself, a lot of the proposed new light rail stuff is part of a collusion between govt and connected parties to dump $$$ into creating dense housing and retail stops that make money for those connected and put out of business places that already do a fine job of serving housing and retail on already established roads.  Of course its all tied to global agenda stuff.  The local met council here was formed originally for coordination of sewer access.  Now their thing is creating 'equity'.  Stick to sewers, that is why you were formed. 

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    if gas engines are still being made in 30 years, i'd be surprised if there wasn't a displacement tax on them.... at least if it's not a HD truck and, i'd bet most vehicles would not have v6 options.

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    mass transit controls where and when you can go.  A road gives you the chance to set your own route, and schedule.  Mass transit ought to never become the predominant route of transport for the masses.  

     

    But news flash, the govs and the techies will be in cahoots to push the automated car agenda and this is what is not mentioned here.  If we are forced into self driving cars exclusively, then they really have us by the nuts.  Sure, you can summon a car when you need, but then you have no control over if 'the grid' slows you down to 35 mph.  It could f over your day if you want to change your route and the 'system' says, 'oh, too much traffic on road 6, so its closed for the next two hours, sorry'.

     

    So between this electric only push (which is silly, we need 'fuel diversity') and self driving cars, they really will be putting the screws to us.

     

     

    Sounds great but many cities are starting to run out of room for cars...commutes for 10-15 miles can take hours in some places....

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    if gas engines are still being made in 30 years, i'd be surprised if there wasn't a displacement tax on them.... at least if it's not a HD truck and, i'd bet most vehicles would not have v6 options.

    In that amount of time there will probably be some tricky engine/powertrain configurations. I could see 2 and 3 cylinder engines being the norm in small cars, hybrids of course as well. I feel the displacement tax is an inevitable thing, just give it enough time...  

     

    Personally, I think HD trucks should also get a lose/minimal requirements. I don't think they should be just free range on power and aero..just because..

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    The C&D article does not refer to Quebec as country, just says they are part of the global HEV alliance

     

    http://zevalliance.org/content/participants

     

     

    When in Hell did Québec become a country?

     

    There was only two referendums, in 1981 and in 1996, and both times the answer was NO!!!

     

    Alls I know...Pauline Marois better not read that article from Car and Driver, délusions of grandeur have been curtailed, we dont want any false hopes...I mean, just because the Force has awakened that separatists in Québec also have to be awakened...

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    The C&D article does not refer to Quebec as country, just says they are part of the global HEV alliance

     

    http://zevalliance.org/content/participants

     

     

    When in Hell did Québec become a country?

     

    There was only two referendums, in 1981 and in 1996, and both times the answer was NO!!!

     

    Alls I know...Pauline Marois better not read that article from Car and Driver, délusions of grandeur have been curtailed, we dont want any false hopes...I mean, just because the Force has awakened that separatists in Québec also have to be awakened...

     

    Thanx for the info....I really did not feel like reading the article because:

     

    1. The way I read that quote, it made me question my sanity...maybe I got seduced and sedated by lovely females and when I awoke, Quebec was independent.

    2.  Our Premier, Mr. Couillard did make some noise at this conference...some UNWANTED noise that some in his office and other opposing politicians dont agree with....but the Montreal Gazette says he wants to do away with NATURAL GAS by 2050, nothing about GASOLINE....

     

    http://montrealgazette.com/news/quebec/analysis-couillard-shows-how-green-he-is-at-climate-conference-back-home-people-wonder-is-it-practical

     

    which makes no sense at all as Quebec also owns a natural gas company that supplies Quebecois with natural gas....Gaz Metropolitain...

    And others also point out how quite the task that would be to achieve this....therefore, even if he also agreed to no gasoline powered vehicles by 2050...I doubt this will ever come to fruition...

     

    However....googling this story for further info...I came across an article that Toyota wants to reduce by 90% of 2010 sales of gasoline powered cars by 2050...interesting...

     

    http://www.houstonchronicle.com/business/energy/article/Toyota-aims-to-nearly-eliminate-gasoline-cars-by-6571406.php

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    mass transit controls where and when you can go.  A road gives you the chance to set your own route, and schedule.  Mass transit ought to never become the predominant route of transport for the masses.  

     

    But news flash, the govs and the techies will be in cahoots to push the automated car agenda and this is what is not mentioned here.  If we are forced into self driving cars exclusively, then they really have us by the nuts.  Sure, you can summon a car when you need, but then you have no control over if 'the grid' slows you down to 35 mph.  It could f over your day if you want to change your route and the 'system' says, 'oh, too much traffic on road 6, so its closed for the next two hours, sorry'.

     

    So between this electric only push (which is silly, we need 'fuel diversity') and self driving cars, they really will be putting the screws to us.

     

    Please get over the absurd notion Mass Transit and Cars are zero sum.  I don't understand how you make the leap to "If we fund mass transportation, then we won't have freedom to move around".

     

    You clearly only have experience with American mass transit, which even the best systems (NYC? DC? Chicago? I suppose it is up for debate) absolutely SUCK by European standards.  When the Uber drops me off at the airport for two weeks in Europe, that is the last time my butt touches a car seat for a full two weeks.  Two trips ago, I landed in Paris, visited the city using their subway, visited Versailles and the countryside using trains, took the train to Brussels, then to Achen, Germany, then to Cologne Germany, then out to the countryside 45 minute train ride outside of Cologne, then back to Cologne where I can get ANYWHERE in the greater metro area in 30 minutes or less... and never once touched a car.   I never felt that I wasn't in control of my schedule because the transit systems are robust and the next train/bus/subway arrives every 3 to 15 minutes.  Most white color jobs will cover some or all of their employee's monthly transit pass cost.... even then, the cost of a monthly pass is only about $175 last I looked. 

     

    My friends who live in Cologne have 4 bedroom house (we'd call it a condo, but it is HUGE by American condo standards) with a garage in the Cologne suburbs.  They have never owned a car and use public transit 98% of the time. For that last 2%, DeutscheBahn has a car sharing service with cars spread all over the city and regular rental car agencies (Enterprise, Sixt) are available with a Starbucks like frequency all over the city for longer rentals. 

     

    If you're a frequent rail traveler, you can buy a BahnCard 100 for $4,477.  That gets you on any train, bus, or subway ANYWHERE in Germany and also good for trips outside of Germany using DeustcheBahn trains for 12 months. That means with a Bahncard 100, you can go from Cologne to Paris and back for free as many times as you want, but that also includes all of your metro travel in Cologne, which would normally cost you $2100 a year... so really you're paying $2377 a year for any rail travel in Germany outside of your home city.  You can't beat that on cost with a car no matter which way you slice it.  On all tickets, children under 14 travel for free when accompanied by their parents.

     

    Sometimes, when I'm there, I rent a car.  Not because I have to, but because I want to since I enjoy driving.  The blend of public transit and automotive there is exactly what we should be emulating.... it increases freedom of mobility, it doesn't decrease it. 

     

    P.S. - Don't give me the "population density" crap argument. East of the Mississippi, the population density of the US is equal to the population density of Europe.... in the North East, it is even higher.  West of the Mississippi, the population density of the metro areas are all similar to European metro areas. 

     

    The only thing we lack is the willpower.... everything in the U.S. has become "too hard" or "it might inconvenience me" or "It might cost me an extra 15 cents per gallon" even though the net result is an improvement in our lives.

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    I agree with what you said Drew 100000000000%.

     

    Europe is fantastic when it comes to trains, buses and metro systems...

     

    They had no choice...after WW2, roads were destroyed....gasoline was uber expensive...still is...

    The bestand cheapest way for Europe to get the people back on the roads to work was through a very elaborate public transit system...

    Donkeys with Donkey trails and itty bitty cars was how they got going after the war and how they advanced their cities was with public transit...

    Here in North America....with the visions of grandeur that soldiers saw with the autobahn...which coincided with GM's vision of the future for the automobile in their Motorama exhibits , the car was our form of freedom and excess luxury....and THAT ideology is gonna be nearly impossible to reverse...so much so...that some of us are soooooo wound up in our gasoline powered cars, that we wont even accept electric cars...so how in the world are we gonna accept mass public transit?

    Its sad really!

    Edited by oldshurst442
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    I agree with what you said Drew 100000000000%.

     

    Europe is fantastic when it comes to trains, buses and metro systems...

     

    They had no choice...after WW2, roads were destroyed....gasoline was uber expensive...still is...

    The bestand cheapest way for Europe to get the people back on the roads to work was through a very elaborate public transit system...

    Donkeys with Donkey trails and itty bitty cars was how they got going after the war and how they advanced their cities was with public transit...

    Here in North America....with the visions of grandeur that soldiers saw with the autobahn...which coincided with GM's vision of the future for the automobile in their Motorama exhibits , the car was our form of freedom and excess luxury....and THAT ideology is gonna be nearly impossible to reverse...so much so...that some of us are soooooo wound up in our gasoline powered cars, that we wont even accept electric cars...so how in the world are we gonna accept mass public transit?

    Its sad really!

     

    And guess who funded the rebuilding of their public transit systems..... 

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    I agree with what you said Drew 100000000000%.

     

    Europe is fantastic when it comes to trains, buses and metro systems...

     

    They had no choice...after WW2, roads were destroyed....gasoline was uber expensive...still is...

    The bestand cheapest way for Europe to get the people back on the roads to work was through a very elaborate public transit system...

    Donkeys with Donkey trails and itty bitty cars was how they got going after the war and how they advanced their cities was with public transit...

    Here in North America....with the visions of grandeur that soldiers saw with the autobahn...which coincided with GM's vision of the future for the automobile in their Motorama exhibits , the car was our form of freedom and excess luxury....and THAT ideology is gonna be nearly impossible to reverse...so much so...that some of us are soooooo wound up in our gasoline powered cars, that we wont even accept electric cars...so how in the world are we gonna accept mass public transit?

    Its sad really!

     

    And guess who funded the rebuilding of their public transit systems..... 

     

    USA USA USA USA

     

    We rebuilt the bloody continent just about. Another reason why CNG is the prominent fuel on auto's in Italy.

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    The States...

     

    The States have also rebuilt their automotive companies too...M-B, BMW, VW...OK...I think VW was the Brits...

    The Japanese car companies too...

    Edited by oldshurst442
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    The States...

     

    The States have also rebuilt their automotive companies too...M-B, BMW, VW...OK...I think VW was the Brits...

    The Japanese car companies too...

     

    Opel, Ford of Europe, Renault, Peugeot, Citroen too.

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    The States...

     

    The States have also rebuilt their automotive companies too...M-B, BMW, VW...OK...I think VW was the Brits...

    The Japanese car companies too...

     

    Opel, Ford of Europe, Renault, Peugeot, Citroen too.

     

    Yup...I did not want to go further than what I did and mention all the companies...but very yup!

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    It also goes back to the stupid subdivision setup created by early North America.

     

    Back in the day of the colonies actually. They thought it'd be better to have squares than circles. 

     

    And that is something that set the tone for how fudged up transit here really is.  

     

    The Paris transit system is like the best in the world... anyways plenty of circles.

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    It also goes back to the stupid subdivision setup created by early North America.

     

    Back in the day of the colonies actually. They thought it'd be better to have squares than circles. 

     

    And that is something that set the tone for how fudged up transit here really is.  

     

    The Paris transit system is like the best in the world... anyways plenty of circles.

    I had to google the Parisienne Transit system to get a glimpse of what you were saying, and I saw what you meant by plenty of circles...

     

    However, I dont comprehend your theory of a circular transit system versus one that is parallel and perpendicular forming perfect squares and rectangles...

     

    I know that in a road system.....straight lines that make roads into perfect squares is the way to go as its easy to divide a city between North/South/East/West, to have a logical number system and to never get lost and many other reasons....but in a mass transit system....I fail to understand the reasoning.

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    This is a bogus, bozo solution to a non-problem.  Better for the world to turn vegan than give up real cars.  Greenhouse gases from livestock are by far worse than fossil fuel emissions.

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      New Services
      Applying approximately two decades of leadership in EVs and commercial vehicles, Ford also is working on a suite of services to make EVs even easier to live with.
      “Innovative services can be as important to customers as the electrified vehicles themselves,” said Hau Thai-Tang, group vice president of Purchasing and Ford’s EV champion. “We are investing in solutions to help private customers as well as commercial fleet owners seamlessly incorporate these new vehicles and technologies into their lives.”
      Ford already has a memorandum of understanding with several other automakers in Europe to create an ultra-fast charging network projected to be significantly faster than the most powerful charging system deployed today. An initial target of about 400 sites in Europe is planned. By 2020, consumers should have access to thousands of high-powered charging points. 
      Ford also is piloting wireless technology on company EVs in the U.S. and Europe that make recharging as easy as pulling into a parking spot so drivers never forget to recharge. Wireless recharging extends electric-only range for short distance commuters, even during quick stops. FordPass® also can help consumers reserve charging times.
      Understanding customers
      Ford has been extensively studying how past and current EV owners use their vehicles. The company has sold more than 520,000 electrified vehicles in North America since 2005 and 560,000 globally.
      In studying 33,000 Ford EV owners that have made 58 million unique trips, Ford has learned:
      88 percent of customers’ habitual daily driving distance is 60 miles or less. For plug-in hybrids, the average refueling distance is 680 miles, making gas station trips rare Customers want as much electric range as possible, but range anxiety drops over time as they become more comfortable and familiar with the technology 80 percent of Ford EV customers charge once a day; 60 percent during evenings Ford EV customers collectively have plugged in their vehicles a total of 9.4 million nights An overwhelming majority of Ford EV owners expect to replace their current EV with a new one, additional Ford research shows. Specifically:
      92 percent of battery electric car customers say they will purchase another battery electric vehicle as their next purchase 87 percent of plug-in hybrid customers want another plug-in for their next vehicle
      View full article
    • By William Maley
      Ford dropped a few bombshells this morning at a press conference in Flat Rock, MI. The big one was the American automaker dropping plans to build $1.6 billion assembly plant in Mexico (which was in the early stage of construction). Instead, Ford will invest $700 million into their Flat Rock that will add 700 jobs to the plant.
      “We look at all factors and in our view, we see a more positive U.S. manufacturing environment under President-elect Trump and the pro-growth policies and proposals that he’s talking about. So this is a vote of confidence for President-elect Trump and some of the policies he may be pursuing,” said Ford CEO Mark Fields during the press conference. 
      Fields was quick to point out this decision was made recently and independent of President-Elect Donald Trump, who has slammed the company for moving production of their small cars to Mexico.
      The investment will bring a new manufacturing innovation center and the ability to produce electrified and autonomous vehicles, alongside the Ford Mustang and Lincoln Continental. 
      While Ford has canned the new Mexico plant, that doesn't mean plans for production of the Focus going there haven't. Ford will expand their Hermosillo, Mexico plant to add Focus production. The expansion will add 200 jobs.
      Ford also announced that within the next five years, they would introduce 13 new electric and hybrid vehicles around the world. Seven of those vehicles were revealed and include,
      Transit Connect plug-in hybrid for Europe in 2019 Hybrid version of the Mustang in 2020. This promises to have V8 power and " even more low-end torque." F-150 hybrid in 2020. An all-new fully electric small SUV in 2020 High-volume autonomous vehicle built for ride-hailing or sharing in 2021 and be built at Flat Rock. Two new, pursuit-rated hybrid police vehicles. Source: Ford, The Detroit News, Motor Trend
      Press Release is on Page 2


      FORD ADDING ELECTRIFIED F-150, MUSTANG, TRANSIT BY 2020 IN MAJOR EV PUSH; EXPANDED U.S. PLANT TO ADD 700 JOBS TO MAKE EVS, AUTONOMOUS CARS
      Ford confirms seven of 13 new global electrified vehicles coming in the next five years, including F-150 Hybrid, Mustang Hybrid and Transit Custom plug-in hybrid Ford to launch fully electric SUV with an estimated range of at least 300 miles and two new electrified police vehicles The automaker is investing $700 million and adding 700 direct new jobs in Flat Rock (Michigan) Assembly Plant to create a factory capable of producing high-tech electrified and autonomous vehicles – plus the iconic Ford Mustang and Lincoln Continental Ford is piloting wireless technology that makes recharging an electric vehicle as easy as pulling into a parking spot; in addition, the company is testing EV prototypes this year in Europe, New York and other large U.S. cities Ford is canceling plans for a new $1.6 billion plant in San Luis Potosi, Mexico, and investing $700 million in the Flat Rock, Michigan, plant’s expansion; Ford will build its next-generation Focus at an existing plant in Hermosillo, Mexico, to improve company profitability  FLAT ROCK, Mich., Jan. 3, 2017 – Ford today detailed seven of the 13 new global electrified vehicles it plans to introduce in the next five years, including hybrid versions of the iconic F-150 pickup and Mustang in the U.S., a plug-in hybrid Transit Custom van in Europe and a fully electric SUV with an expected range of at least 300 miles for customers globally.
      The automaker also announced plans to invest $700 million to expand its Flat Rock Assembly Plant in Michigan into a factory that will build high-tech autonomous and electric vehicles along with the Mustang and Lincoln Continental. The expansion will create 700 direct new jobs.
      The moves are part of a $4.5 billion investment in electrified vehicles by 2020, offering customers greater fuel efficiency, capability and power across Ford’s global vehicle lineup. The plans are part of the company’s expansion to be an auto and a mobility company, including leading in electrified and autonomous vehicles and providing new mobility solutions. 
      “As more and more consumers around the world become interested in electrified vehicles, Ford is committed to being a leader in providing consumers with a broad range of electrified vehicles, services and solutions that make people’s lives better,” said Mark Fields, Ford president and CEO. “Our investments and expanding lineup reflect our view that global offerings of electrified vehicles will exceed gasoline-powered vehicles within the next 15 years.”
      Ford is focusing its EV plan on its areas of strength – electrifying its most popular, high-volume commercial vehicles, trucks, SUVs and performance vehicles to make them even more capable, productive and fun to drive.
      The seven global electrified vehicles announced today include:
      An all-new fully electric small SUV, coming by 2020, engineered to deliver an estimated range of at least 300 miles, to be built at the Flat Rock plant and sold in North America, Europe and Asia A high-volume autonomous vehicle designed for commercial ride hailing or ride sharing, starting in North America. The hybrid vehicle will debut in 2021 and will be built at the Flat Rock plant A hybrid version of the best-selling F-150 pickup available by 2020 and sold in North America and the Middle East. The F-150 Hybrid, built at Ford’s Dearborn Truck Plant, will offer powerful towing and payload capacity and operate as a mobile generator A hybrid version of the iconic Mustang that will deliver V8 power and even more low-end torque. The Mustang Hybrid, built at the Flat Rock Plant, debuts in 2020 and will be available in the North America to start A Transit Custom plug-in hybrid available in 2019 in Europe engineered to help reduce operating costs in even the most congested streets Two new, pursuit-rated hybrid police vehicles. One of the two new hybrid police vehicles will be built in Chicago, and both will be upfitted with their police gear at Ford’s dedicated police vehicle modification center in Chicago In addition, Ford announces that its global utility lineup will be the company’s first hybrids powered by EcoBoost® rather than naturally aspirated engines, furthering improving performance and fuel economy.
      The company also plans to be as aggressive in developing global electrified vehicles services and solutions. These include EV fleet management, route planning and telematics solutions.
      Building the Future
      To support the new era of vehicles, Ford is adding 700 direct new U.S. jobs and investing $700 million during the next four years, creating the new Manufacturing Innovation Center at its Flat Rock Assembly Plant. Employees there will build the all-new small utility vehicle with extended battery range as well as the fully autonomous vehicle for ride-hailing or ride-sharing – along with the iconic Mustang and Lincoln Continental.
      “I am thrilled that we have been able to secure additional UAW-Ford jobs for American workers,” said Jimmy Settles, UAW vice president, National Ford Department. “The men and women of Flat Rock Assembly have shown a great commitment to manufacturing quality products, and we look forward to their continued success with a new generation of high-tech vehicles.”
      This incremental investment in Flat Rock Assembly Plant comes from $1.6 billion the company previously had planned to invest in a new plant in Mexico.
      Ford today announced it is cancelling plans for the new plant in San Luis Potosi, Mexico. It also announced that, to improve company profitability and ensure the financial as well as commercial success of this vehicle, the next-generation Focus will be built at an existing plant in Hermosillo, Mexico. This will make way for two new iconic products at Michigan Assembly Plant in Wayne, Michigan, where Focus is manufactured today – safeguarding approximately 3,500 U.S. jobs.
      Unique ElectrificationTechnology
      Building on two decades of experience, Ford is applying lessons learned to deliver patented technology, software and services to appeal to truck customers, SUV owners, performance enthusiasts, high-volume commercial fleets and everyone in between.
      “Ford’s global EV strategy is to build on our strengths,” said Raj Nair, executive vice president, Product Development, and chief technical officer. “While some others seem to be focused on marketing claims and numbers, we’re focused on providing customers even more of what they love about their Ford vehicles. This means more capability for trucks, more productivity for commercial vehicles and more performance for sports cars – plus improved fuel economy.”
      This year, Ford begins testing its new generation of EV technology. In Europe, Ford will put the Transit Custom plug-in hybrid on the road later this year, along with a new set of mobility services, telematics and connectivity solutions.
      In addition, in New York and several major U.S. cities, Ford is testing a fleet of 20 Transit Connect hybrid taxi and van prototypes in some of the world’s most demanding traffic conditions.
      These Transit Connects build on the success of the world’s first hybrid taxi – the Ford Escape Hybrid – which also was the world’s first hybrid SUV and the first North American-built hybrid. Many Escape Hybrid taxis are still on the road, moving passengers for more than 350,000 miles each and still using their original batteries.
      Today, Ford is America’s top-selling plug-in hybrid brand and second in overall U.S. electrified vehicle sales.
      New Services
      Applying approximately two decades of leadership in EVs and commercial vehicles, Ford also is working on a suite of services to make EVs even easier to live with.
      “Innovative services can be as important to customers as the electrified vehicles themselves,” said Hau Thai-Tang, group vice president of Purchasing and Ford’s EV champion. “We are investing in solutions to help private customers as well as commercial fleet owners seamlessly incorporate these new vehicles and technologies into their lives.”
      Ford already has a memorandum of understanding with several other automakers in Europe to create an ultra-fast charging network projected to be significantly faster than the most powerful charging system deployed today. An initial target of about 400 sites in Europe is planned. By 2020, consumers should have access to thousands of high-powered charging points. 
      Ford also is piloting wireless technology on company EVs in the U.S. and Europe that make recharging as easy as pulling into a parking spot so drivers never forget to recharge. Wireless recharging extends electric-only range for short distance commuters, even during quick stops. FordPass® also can help consumers reserve charging times.
      Understanding customers
      Ford has been extensively studying how past and current EV owners use their vehicles. The company has sold more than 520,000 electrified vehicles in North America since 2005 and 560,000 globally.
      In studying 33,000 Ford EV owners that have made 58 million unique trips, Ford has learned:
      88 percent of customers’ habitual daily driving distance is 60 miles or less. For plug-in hybrids, the average refueling distance is 680 miles, making gas station trips rare Customers want as much electric range as possible, but range anxiety drops over time as they become more comfortable and familiar with the technology 80 percent of Ford EV customers charge once a day; 60 percent during evenings Ford EV customers collectively have plugged in their vehicles a total of 9.4 million nights An overwhelming majority of Ford EV owners expect to replace their current EV with a new one, additional Ford research shows. Specifically:
      92 percent of battery electric car customers say they will purchase another battery electric vehicle as their next purchase 87 percent of plug-in hybrid customers want another plug-in for their next vehicle
    • By William Maley
      To say we were slightly disappointed to find out that the U.S.-Spec Toyota C-HR would only come with a 2.0L four-cylinder producing 144 horsepower would be an understatement. The European-spec C-HR has the choice of either a turbocharged 1.2L four or a hybrid, but neither of these powertrains will be showing up in the U.S.
      Car and Driver spoke with the C-HR's chief engineer, Hiroyuki Koba to find out why. Koba didn't say why the turbocharged 1.2L would not come to the U.S., but we're guessing Toyota didn't want to put the effort in getting this engine certified for the U.S. Also, performance numbers between the 2.0L and turbo 1.2L are similar (11 seconds for the 2.0 to hit 60 mph, 11.1 seconds for the 1.2).
      As for the hybrid, Koba said the decision comes down to the market, not engineering. At the moment, Toyota doesn't see the demand for this model in the U.S.
      Koba did admit there is a possibility for a more powerful version of the C-HR, but quickly added there aren't plans for this at the moment.
      Source: Car and Driver

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