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    David

    President Biden hosted a meeting with Auto Industry Leaders on the Build Back Better agenda that included Tesla on EV's and moving the Nation forward.

    President Biden and senior officials in the Biden administration hosted a meeting with the major automotive leaders on the Build Back Better agenda with a focus on moving America to BEVs and the supporting needs of the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles to succeed.
    The list of auto companies that were at this meeting was as follows according to Reuters who reported this quiet meeting happened sometime last week at the end of March, beginning of April.
    Tesla CEO Elon Musk GM CEO Mary Barra Ford CEO Jim Farley Stellantis CEO Carlos Tavares Lucid CEO Peter Rawlinson Nissan Americas chair Jeremie Papin Hyundai Motor America Executive Subaru of America Executive Mazda North America Executive Toyota North America Executive Kia Motors America Executive Toyota North America Executive Mercedes-Benz USA Executive Other auto company executives Each representative was given 90 seconds to talk about their EV plans and major issues of concern. The executives tended to hit a consistent messaging on battery supply chain, EV standards and Charging from Home to Commercial and the needs to updated modern electrical standards.

    Out of this meeting, President Biden invoked the Defense Production Act to boost U.S. production of minerals needed in support of electrical vehicles.
    According to this meeting, the automakers agreed with the EPA's rolling back to tougher ICE emissions regulations which is a hit to the few states and ethanol groups that have filed court challenges to the EPA changes and the Build Back Better agenda.
    To quote the Valero Energy subsidiary and other ethanol producers and their corn growers: " the new EPA rules revising emission requirements through 2026 effectively mandate the production and sale of electric cars rather than cars powered by internal combustion engines."
    In attendance of this meeting was Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg, Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm, National Climate Advisor Gina McCarthy and Infrastructure Coordinator Mitch Landrieu.
    Ford CEO tweeted about the meeting in positive terms.
    The Build Back Better Agenda is supported by the recent passage of legislation that covers Roads, Bridges and Transportation Infrastructure such as the following:
    National Network of 500,000 standardized chargers from the $7.5 Billion government funding for EV charging stations $27 Billion for Bridges $52.5 Billion for Federal Highway Apportionment $3 Billion for Airport critical infrastructure $260 million for highway safety programs $230 million for Port Infrastructure Grants, another $2.25 Billion has been approved by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law $7.4 Billion for water infrastructure, sewage systems and services upgrades More info on additional spending here: FACT SHEET: Biden-Harris Administration Hits the Ground Running 60 Days into Infrastructure Implementation | The White House
    One can find the extensive details on the national EV charging here: FACT SHEET: The Biden-Harris Electric Vehicle Charging Action Plan | The White House
     
    Please keep in mind that this is posted for info about the auto industry and changes coming, DO NOT post political ideology, but discuss the auto industry and post your feelings on the positive and negative effects of this meeting and the money being spent.
     
    Biden administration, auto leaders want 'seamless' EV charging station use | Reuters
    FACT SHEET: Biden-Harris Administration Hits the Ground Running 60 Days into Infrastructure Implementation | The White House
    FACT SHEET: The Biden-Harris Electric Vehicle Charging Action Plan | The White House

    David

    IBS or Institute for Basic Science in Korea has stated that Quantum Charging of EV Batteries could make Charging faster than gas fueling, why?

    Korea's Institute for Basic Science or IBS has announced that they believe quantum charging of EV batteries will cut home charging from 10 hours to 3 minutes and public fast charging from 30 minutes to 9 seconds.
    As society moves to renewable energy or green energy due to humanity outstripping the ability for finite nature fossil fuels to support, one must also consider on how that energy gets to the end user. R&D around the world into renewable sources has accompanied the gradual societal changes of the world adopting new products and devices running on new storage supported by the option to choose your power supply and in this case renewable or green energy.
    The rapid adoption of electric vehicles, while hardly seen on roads 10 years ago, now account for millions being sold and a common sight. As a rapidly growing segment, one item holds back massive adoption of the less complex, cleaner running electric-vehicle, CHARGING!
    Tesla has their worldwide Supercharging network but even that is not yet at the 800V fast charging that some like Porsche, GMC-Hummer and a few others are supporting and the fast-charging stations still are rare so getting a fast charge in 15 minutes is rare compared to a more common charge from home at 110v or 220v charging overnight leaving people to either sit at a fast charging station for 30 to 45 minutes or park, charge while shopping or eating to pass the time.
    For the longest time, batteries have had the traditional lead/acid storage medium with far lower density than that offered by hydrocarbons, resulting in short range for electric autos. Battery technology has improved in allowing Tesla to have some of the first 300-mile range EVs. Others like GM with their Chevrolet Bolt have had over 200 plus miles allowing for solid performing commuter autos. Battery storage technology is the main bottleneck to moving from ICE to electric autos and only recently has lithium-ion batteries gotten to a solid point where various options are now coming onto the market in truck and SUV form in addition the rapidly shrinking market for cars.
    Despite the advances in battery tech, recharging these massive battery packs is still up to a 10 hour overnight charging at home or a 20-to-40-minute recharge at a Tesla Super Station. Oil companies are buying up charging startup companies to ensure they keep their gas stations modern by moving to a convenience station that offers both ICE and EV charging along with shopping, eating, etc. Still the speed of charging is a problem and with those two things are on the horizon, solid-state batteries and new ways to charge said batteries.
    As new problems show up, new approaches are found and in this, the mysterious field of Quantum Physics. Current research is allowing for discovery on new quantum technologies that promise the delivery of faster charging rates to both existing lithium-ion batteries and the upcoming solid-state batteries. This approach is the "Collective versus Parallel" charging which was actually published in 2012 by Alicki and Fannes about the concept of Quantum battery. QUOTE: "The paper theorized that quantum resources, such as entanglement, can be used to vastly speed up the battery charging process by charging all cells within the battery simultaneously in a collective manner."
    This Quantum Charging Advantage can be taken advantage of by the fact that a Tesla has numerous cells in their large battery pack. This would allow charging of all cells in collective versus todays approach of a parallel or serial charging system.

    The IBS has a Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems which explored in depth the questions surrounding Quantum charging, the research showed that the presence of global operations is the only ingredient needed in the quantum advantage. This group has pinpointed the exact source of this advantage while ruling out any other possibilities per the release from IBS including an explicit way to design such batteries that can handle a Quantum Charging approach.
    QUOTE of the IBS Press Release:
     the group was able to precisely quantify how much charging speed can be achieved in this scheme. While the maximum charging speed increases linearly with the number of cells in classical batteries, the study showed that quantum batteries employing global operation can achieve quadratic scaling in charging speed. To illustrate this, we will consider a typical electric vehicle with a battery that contains about 200 cells. Employing this quantum charging would lead to a 200 times speedup over classical batteries, which means that at home charging time would be cut from 10 hours to about 3 minutes. At high-speed charging stations, the charge time would be cut from 30 minutes to mere seconds.
    Researchers say that consequences can be far-reaching and that the implications of quantum charging can go well beyond electric cars and consumer electronics. For example, it may find key uses in future fusion power plants, which require large amounts of energy to be charged and discharged in an instant. Of course, quantum technologies are still in their infancy and there is a long way to go before these methods can be implemented in practice. Research findings such as these, however, create a promising direction and can incentivize the funding agencies and businesses to further invest in these technologies. If employed, it is believed that quantum batteries would completely revolutionize the way we use energy and take us a step closer to our sustainable future.
    For people used to technology, we have seen companies like IBM invest in Quantum computing with amazing results that have accelerated computing direction over the last two decades to super computers being the size of a smartphone.
    This same research and approach is being looked into by the existing battery companies such as LG, Samsung and more. While we will not see Quantum battery packs or chargers by 2025, with the advance pace of Solid-State batteries, one could very well see the first few implementations of Quantum battery packs by 2030 as well as chargers.
    One might wonder is there any company out there that is already looking to commercialize this Quantum Charging technology other than being a theoretical paper from a school such as IBS of Korea?
    I give you ACT - Advanced Charging technologies of Texas. An American tech company that has been focused on keeping technology at the forefront of their products and services. While this is not a fully Quantum Charging solution that IBS has published in theory, it is a charging solution for warehouse forklifts that uses the cloud with collective charging of multiple battery packs to ensure forklift needs are available at all times.
    As ACT has stated about their Quantum Technology
    Uninterrupted operations due to built-in redundancy and modular design Wireless cloud integration with ACTview and ACTintelligent software Remote software and firmware updates Reduced power consumption and costs Intuitive user interface A smart-grid-ready solution-focused charging solution that reduces maintenance and replacement costs. Quantum Charging is about being all aware to ensure all cells are being given what they need to get fully charged as fast as possible.
    One can do searches and find many different Quantum chargers. Some are in name only it would seem, where others are clearly focused on recharging battery packs for use in the medical field to industry such as autos. Consider a 100 kWh battery pack that has over 200 cells and how a quantum battery charger would talk to all cells at the same time, giving each cell what it needs to reach 100% fully charged, thus reducing the charge cycle and giving a faster response to fully charged desire.
    Interested in more research papers, check out their engineering paper site: Institute for Basic Science (ibs.re.kr)
    New technology to make charging electric cars as fast as pumping gas (ibs.re.kr)
    Institute for Basic Science (ibs.re.kr)
    Advanced Charging Technologies | <span class="notranslate">Quantum</span> (act-chargers.com)

    David

    May 23rd to 25th, 2022 transphorm Demonstrated their 1200 Volt GaN Power Transistor at the International Symposium on Power Semiconductor Devices and ICs (ISPSD) in Vancouver, Canada. What is a GaN Power Transistor and how will it affect the Electric Vehicle Industry?

    Energy transition is the ultimate challenge in electric vehicles (EVs) and technological advances are reducing costs while offering greater efficiency as demanded by consumers. Driving the market is the entire powertrain made up of power-dense batteries, electric motors and wide-bandgap semiconductor solutions.
    GaN or Gallium Nitride is a wide-bandgap material with outstanding intrinsic characteristics that can offer system level advantages with better performance. Lower weight, higher power density for increased range is what GaN can deliver due to operating with a higher efficiency at a higher frequency providing a reduction in passive components while increasing power density. The advantage of allowing larger breakdown voltages and greater thermal stability at higher temperatures along with greatly increasing the efficiency of power-conversion stages is what GaN offers as a replacement for silicon in high-efficiency voltage converts, power MOSFETS, Schottky Diodes, etc. this is what transphorm has to offer to the fast-charger market and the EV products looking for energy efficiency, smaller dimensions, lower weight and lower overall cost.
    Current MOSFETs and superjunction MOSFETs cover the industry in voltages up to 650 V, transphorm GaN runs up to 1,200 V with 99% efficiency that can help drive down recharging times and deliver onboard better power transition between the components and engines.
    Per transphorm press release, their GaN device offers the broadest range of power options from 45W to 10K+ kW and has been tested to voltages greater than 1,400 Volts.
    In working with the Illinois Institute of Technology, the transphorm team has demonstrated a major breakthrough for their GaN performance of a 1,200-volt device node with high efficiency 800-volt switching.
    transphorm has proven that their GaN is moving pwer electronics beyond the limitations of silicon in achieveing 99% efficiency with 40% more power density and 20% lower system costs.
    While one could easily say BIG DEAL, GaN will not only affect the Auto Industry but the whole electronic industry as it is used from cell phones to computers, to various household electronics, home solar grids and yes your auto delivering on higher energy efficiency.
    For those wanting to learn more about various applications that this new technology can be used in, check out the larger video library here: Videos - Transphorm (transphormusa.com)
    The SuperGaN technology has the following benefits:
    Increased Performance: Gen IV provides a flatter and higher efficiency curve with an improved Figure of Merit (RON*QOSS) of approximately 10 percent. Easier Designability: Gen IV offers increased simplicity of design-in by removing the need for a switching node snubber at high operation currents. Enhanced Inrush Current Capability (di/dt):Gen IV removes the switching current limits for the built-in freewheeling diode function in half bridges. Reduced Device Cost: Gen IV’s design innovations and patented technology simplify device assembly, too. The resulting cost adjustments continue to bring Transphorm’s GaN closer to Silicon transistor pricing. Proven Robustness/Reliability: Gen IV’s 35 mΩ FET offers the same gate robustness of +/- 20 Vmax and noise immunity of 4 V that is currently delivered by Transphorm’s Gen III devices. This allows GaN to offer improvements and greater efficiency in the following markets:
    Infrastructure and IT Power Supplies Consumer and Computing adapters, gaming power supplies Broad Industrial chargers and UPS Automotive electric vehicles, charging, etc. 5G mobile adapters and RF material More details on specific areas can be had here: GaN Technology - Transphorm (transphormusa.com)
    With transphorm recent break through competition is heating up as Texas Instrument has also announced a new family of GaN transistors aimed at the auto industry meant to decrease board space, increase power efficiency in auto electrical systems.
    These devices are special why?
    The GaN products can reduce the EV onboard chargers and DC to DC converts by as much as 50% compared to current existing silicon based solutions. The goal here is in saving board space and increasing energy efficiency, engineers will achieve extended battery range, increased system reliability and lower design costs.

    According to Texas Instrument, GaN integration can eliminate more than 10 components typically required for discrete solutions in existing EVs and other solutions.
    This is the biggest area of improvements GaN has to offer to the EV market, cost and driving range. Today's EVs have many individual components that drive up costs and yet by integration of these components into the powertrain you drive efficiency in reducing that cost down. This would cover bulky items such as inductors, transformers and over all PCB size into the powertrain reducing power losses and simplify thermal management. GaN technology can help extend driving range by operating at higher efficiency and conserving thermal energy requiring fewer cooling components and lower costs.
    Driving standards is the SAE International that has a full detailed site for those interested in this technology: Gallium Nitride future of EV chips (sae.org)
    An interesting point that the SAE points out at the link above: 
    Traction inverter: While an EV’s propulsion system (traction inverter plus electric motor) is five times more energy efficient than IC engines, with lower maintenance costs and longer lifespan, the upfront cost has on average been 2.5 times higher. Technology innovation in materials, magnetics and electronics is creating new-generation motors that are more energy efficient (less power loss through heat), compact and lighter in weight. GaN power semiconductors are key to the evolution of traction inverters capable of delivering more than a 70% power increase compared to inverters using traditional IGBTs. One area that some that follow the EV world has seen has been Tesla getting farther and farther on a battery charge. This came as the SAE points out at the link above in a Tesla S with 75 kWh battery getting a 6 to 10% range increase by replacing the conventional  Si IGBT traction inverter with GaN-based inverter.
    transphorm as does their competitors and the SAE all state that the EV market will expand with enhanced power-electronic performance via implementation of GaN transistors, creating system efficiencies and increased power densities required to achieve demanding vehicle size and range targets.
    End result is we should see a wide range of EVs covering subcompact to full size at all price points eventually as the industry changes from ICE to EV.
    https://www.transphormusa.com/en/news/1200v_gan_ispsd/
    ISPSD 2022 | Vancouver, Canada
    TI Turns to GaN FETs to Cut Board Space and Boost Power Density in EVs - News (allaboutcircuits.com)

    David

    In 2019 Ford and Volkswagen signed a partnership covering autonomous driving, MEB architecture, commercial vans, medium pickups and to create annual efficiencies for both companies. Fast forward to 2022 and now they are expanding that partnership and Ford is committing to an All-Electric Future for Europe starting in 2026.


    2019, Volkswagen CEO Dr. Herbert Diess and Ford President and CEO Jim Hackett form a partnership that covers the following:
    Volkswagen to join Ford in investing in Argo AI, the autonomous vehicle platform company, at a valuation of more than $7 billion. Tie-up allows both automakers to independently integrate Argo AI’s self-driving system into their own vehicles, delivering significant global scale Ford will use Volkswagen’s electric vehicle architecture and Modular Electric Toolkit (MEB) to design and build at least one high-volume fully electric vehicle in Europe for European customers starting in 2023, more efficiently advancing its promise to deliver expressive passenger cars while taking advantage of Volkswagen’s scale Ford and VW on track to develop commercial vans and medium pickups for each brand in select global markets starting in 2022; sharing development costs to generate significant synergies The Volkswagen-Ford global alliance – which does not involve cross-ownership between the companies – is expected to create annual efficiencies for each company Volkswagen committed to their MEB platform in 2016 with a goal of producing 15 million EVs over the next Decade globally. Ford committed to having an EV available to European customers by 2023 that would deliver more than 600,000 EVs built on the MEB platform. Volkswagen has become a platform supplier to other auto companies.
    The flip side of this agreement is that Ford starting in 2022 would build medium sized pickup trucks for both companies that will be sold in Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia Pacific and South America. Ford would engineer and build large commercial vans for European customers for both companies as Volkswagen would engineer and build city vans for both companies sold in Europe and select global markets where both companies can better utilize plant capacity allowing both companies to compete globally.
    2022, March 14th, 2022, officially Pi Day around the world and both companies have agreed to expand their e-mobility partnership. 
    Ford will produce a second electric model on the MEB platform Over the next 6 years, Ford will now produce 1.2 million units rather than 600,000 originally stated. Quote: Stuart Rowley, Chair of Ford of Europe: “Our strategic alliance with Volkswagen is an important element of Ford’s commitment to offer an all-electric range of vehicles that are uniquely Ford and designed to meet the mobility needs of a modern Europe that is leading the fight against climate change.”
    Volkswagen as they expand their partnership with Ford is working to take one step closer in becoming a global platform supplier for EVs as a further pillar in addition to their core business. MEB platform can be used by various brands/manufacturers as it already provides the technology base for 10 electric models from five brands globally. The MEB platform was used to produce approximately 300,000 units in 2021, making it one of the leading electric platforms worldwide. This platform is not only used by Volkswagen in their building of the extensive ID. series of EVs, but in use of commercial vans and other segment vehicle types allowing for utilization of economies of scale worldwide.
    To quote Thomas Schmall: “Profitability and speed are now crucial for finally achieving the breakthrough of e-mobility in Europe.”
    This leads us to today's major announcement from Ford:
    Fords plan for Europe by 2024:
    Ford to introduce three new electric passenger vehicles and four new electric commercial vehicles in Europe by 2024; plans to sell more than 600,000 electric vehicles in the region by 2026 EV push in Europe supports the acceleration of the Ford+ plan, and global goal of 2 million+ annual production of EVs by 2026 and 10% company adjusted EBIT margin by 2026 Planned production of electric vehicles in Cologne, Germany, now expected to be 1.2 million vehicles over six years, with a total product investment of $2 billion Additionally, Ford today signed a non-binding MOU with SK On Co., Ltd. and Koç Holding to create one of Europe’s largest commercial vehicle battery production sites in Turkey Boosts electric and commercial vehicle capacity, with Ford Otosan JV assuming ownership of Ford’s Romanian manufacturing operations, subject to regulatory approval and consultation Together, these initiatives will help Ford achieve zero emissions for all vehicle sales and carbon neutrality across its European footprint of facilities, logistics and suppliers by 2035
    The drive of Ford European business is that in 2021, sport utilities and crossovers accounted for 58% of all Ford passenger vehicles sold in the continent, up 20% from 2020. The first all-electric five-seat, medium-sized crossover will come out of Ford Cologne Electrification Center. The name will be revealed later in 2022 along with more details and having a driving range of 500km (311 miles) on a single charge with production commencing in 2023.
    Batteries have been a big issue for any auto company as they move forward in transition from ICE to BEV. To accomplish this, FORD in supporting their ambitious EV plans for electrification have signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding for a new, industry leading joint venture business in Turkey with SK On Co, Ltd. and Koc Holding to build on of the largest battery facilities in the European region. These will be high Nickel NMC cells with a likely production of 30 to 45 Gigawatt hours. This plant is a three-partner battery joint venture which includes support from the Turkish Government.
    Ford continues the growth of Europe by stating that their manufacturing plant in Craiova, Romania will play a significant role in both retail and commercial vehicle growth plans for Europe. 
    2024 Ford's most popular ice compact crossover will get a pure electric version allowing an even wider group of European customers to experience Ford autos. As the Puma will have both ICE and EV, the next all-new generation of the Transit Courier will go into production in both retail and commercial form in both ICE and EV with ICE production starting 2023, EV starting 2024 both produced in Craiova.
    This plan allows Ford to achieve their goal of an all-electric global portfolio and carbon neutral by 2035.
    Leading the Electric Vehicle Revolution (ford.com)

    Ford plans to have across 10 plants, 240 Gigawatt of battery cell capacity by 2030. Approximately 140 Gigawatts will be required in North America, the rest dedicated to Europe and China.
     
    Ford - Volkswagen expand their global collaboration to advance autonomous driving, electrification and better serve customers | Ford Media Center
    Volkswagen and Ford expand collaboration on MEB electric platform | Volkswagen Newsroom (volkswagen-newsroom.com)
    Ford Takes Bold Steps Toward All-Electric Future in Europe; 7 New Connected EVs Support Plans to Sell 600K+ EVs Annually by 2026 | Ford Media Center
    Ford, SK and Koç Set to Create a Joint Venture to Accelerate Ford’s Electrification Revolution in Europe | Ford of Europe | Ford Media Center

    David

    QuantumScape has announced that they now have four large OEM Automakers signed on to use their solid-state ceramic battery in future EVs. Who is on board and what is the big deal about their Solid-state batteries?

    QuantumScape is on a mission and their mission is as follows:

    Let's get to the nuts and bolts of this battery company and answer the first question that many would want to know, "Who are the companies that have signed on to use QuantumScape's battery technology or invested in the company?".
    Volkswagen Toyota Daimler Ford Honda General Motors Mitsubishi SAIC Motors BMW Nissan quantumscape-will-now-sell-its-solid-state-batteries-to-a-fourth-carmaker-182980.pdf
    If we are to go by the source they have in their SEC filing, one could imply that this newest top 10 auto maker could be Stellantis, the joint merge of FIAT, Peugeot and Citroen as their global Profit verses Revenue was a healthy $205.6 Billion. You can review the SEC filing above and come to your own conclusion for the newest auto company to join the QuantumScape wave of support.

    One could say why would the newest company that has signed on to take a considerable pre-production chunk of battery supply be Stellantis? The thinking is as follows, Stellantis this newest combined company would be #3 on the list above for Profit versus Revenue. QS announcement stated the following "recently signed an agreement with a fourth automotive original equipment manufacturer (OEM), a top-ten automaker by global revenues.
    QuantumScape or QS as we will call it from now on is based in San Jose, California. QS has stated that they will provide enough cells to this new OEM to allow full testing in a pre-production auto for 2024 when these new cells and BEVs will go on sale.

    QS moves forward in America and Europe with the Auto Industry; the Asian rim is not being forgotten as QS has opened R&D center in Kyoto working with Honda and a complete subsidiary unit in South Korea. 
    Mullen Automotive on February 28th, 2022, via a press release stated the following about their testing on the QS Solid-State batteries.  Per CEO and Chairman of Mullen Automotive.   “The test data collected shows an impressive outcome and future for solid-state batteries. To sum up, we tested our 300 Ah (ampere-hour) cell which yielded 343 Ah at 4.3 volts, and the results surpassed all expectations. We can say with almost certainty that this technology, once implemented on the Mullen FIVE, will deliver over 600 miles of range on a full charge. The future is bright for Mullen Automotive.”
    Mullen's testing of solid-state polymer cells reveals that potential for a 150-kilowatt-hour battery pack that delivers over 600-plus miles of range and highlights an 18-minute DC fast charge which can yield over 300 miles of range. Mullen is working towards utilizing solid-state polymer battery packs in its second-generation Mullen Five EV Crossovers, with in-vehicle prototype testing set for 2025. Mullens First-generation FIVE EV Crossover, due in late 2024, is planned to launch with traditional lithium-ion cell chemistry.
    You can check out the Mullen BEVs here: Shaping the Road Ahead in Electric Automobiles | Mullen (mullenusa.com)

    At this point, one would understandably ask what is so great about their solid-state battery? What is the special sauce compared to other companies we have read about here:
    QS solid-state battery starts with the following:
    Energy - Significantly increases volumetric and gravimetric energy densities by eliminating graphite/silicon anode host material Fast Charge - Enables <15-minute fast charge (10-80%) by eliminating lithium diffusion bottleneck in anode host material Life - Extends useful lifetime by eliminating capacity loss at anode interface Safety - Eliminates organic separator and replaces with a solid-state separator that is nonflammable and noncombustible Cost - Lowers cost by eliminating anode host material and manufacturing costs
    The benefit here that QS has to offer is that their performance data demonstrates that their proprietary, patented solid-state separator can resist dendrite formation at automotive rates of power. Dendrite formation being one of the biggest problems that reduces battery life in current Lithium-ion cells.
    With this solid-state technology, QS posted the following answers to some of the most common questions people have.
    What is a solid-state lithium-metal battery? A solid-state lithium-metal battery is a battery that replaces the polymer separator used in conventional lithium-ion batteries with a solid-state separator. The replacement of the separator enables the carbon or silicon anode used in conventional lithium-ion batteries to be replaced with a lithium-metal anode. The lithium metal anode is more energy dense than conventional anodes, allowing the battery to store a greater amount of energy in the same volume. Some solid-state designs use excess lithium to form the anode, but the QuantumScape design is ‘anode-free’ in that the battery is manufactured anode free in a discharged state, and the anode forms in situ on the first charge. What exactly is different about QS separator material? The QuantumScape separator material is a ceramic capable of meeting the key requirements of high conductivity, stability to lithium metal, resistance to dendrite formation, and low interfacial impedance.  These are the key requirements to make a lithium-metal anode, which in turn enables high energy density, fast charge, and long life.  The ceramic itself is non-combustible, making it safer than conventional polymer separators, which are hydrocarbons and so can burn.  The formulation of QuantumScape’s material is proprietary, but it uses earth abundant materials with a continuous-flow manufacturing process, which we believe will make it cost-effective at commercial volumes. What are the main benefits of solid-state lithium-metal batteries compared to lithium-ion batteries? Relative to a conventional lithium-ion battery, solid-state lithium-metal battery technology has the potential to increase the cell energy density (by eliminating the carbon or carbon-silicon anode), reduce charge time (by eliminating the charge bottleneck resulting from the need to have lithium diffuse into the carbon particles in conventional lithium-ion cell), prolong life (by eliminating capacity fade that results from the unwanted chemical side reaction between the carbon and liquid electrolyte in conventional lithium-ion cells), improve safety (by eliminating the combustible organic porous separator and organic anolyte material in conventional cells) and lower cost (by eliminating the anode materials and manufacturing costs). If there is a car accident, how robust is the separator? Ceramics in general are stable to very high temperatures, and our ceramic separator is no exception.  In addition, even at very high temperatures, it does not burn (since it is already oxidized), therefore we believe that it will provide a thermally stable barrier between the anode and cathode.  Our architecture reduces the fuel content of the cell by removing the conventional polymer separator, graphite and anolyte.  Note that we have not completed the development of our multilayer commercial battery cell, and so have not yet conducted safety tests on commercial target batteries and packs. What is the potential for QS battery technology to increaser the range of EVs?  The higher energy density of QuantumScape solid-state lithium-metal cells, at our target of 1,000 Wh/L, would translate to more range in electric vehicles, potentially 50-80% improvement vs today’s leading electric vehicles, depending on the vehicle design.  Thus, for example, a vehicle that gets 200 miles of range could get between 300 and 400 miles of range. Has QS shared cycle life data and if so, what is it?  We have tested our single layer cells to over 1,000 charge and discharge cycles and they have maintained approximately 90% capacity.  If we are able to generate the same level of performance in our commercial battery cells at the targeted level of energy density, this would be the equivalent of approximately over 300,000 miles for a vehicle with a 300-mile pack, or even greater range given the fact that higher target energy density of the QuantumScape cells (1,000 Wh/L) enables even greater range than 300 miles. Is QS truly solid-state? Is there a liquid catholyte?  Most of the benefits of solid-state stem from the ability to use lithium metal as the anode.  Using lithium-metal as the anode requires a solid-state separator that prevents dendrites and does not react with lithium.  Once you have such a separator, you can use lithium-metal as the anode and realize the benefits of higher energy density, faster charge, and improved life and safety. QuantumScape has developed such a separator based on its proprietary ceramic material and uses a pure lithium-metal anode with zero excess lithium to deliver the above benefits.  QuantumScape couples this solid-state ceramic separator with an organic gel electrolyte for the cathode (catholyte).  The ceramic separator also enables our battery design to use a customized catholyte material, better suited for the voltage and transport requirements of the cathode.  The requirements for the ceramic separator are different from that of the catholyte.  The former requires dendrite resistance and stability to lithium-metal.  The latter requires high conductivity (given the thicker cathode), high voltage stability (given the cathode voltage), and the ability to make good contact with the cathode active material particle.  It is difficult to find materials that meet both these requirements and attempts to do so often result in a material that meets neither requirement well, resulting in cells that can fail from dendrite formation while also not providing sufficient conductivity to run at high power. How does QS think about the ability for other technologies to coexist? What else is out there that can have a place in the market? Solid-state lithium-metal cells offer benefits on many major performance dimensions so we expect they will be very popular with the world’s automakers.  However, if we are successful in our development efforts, we believe that the potential demand for our batteries will far outstrips our ability in the short term – and indeed any single vendor’s ability — to produce them.  So, we do expect there will be multiple technologies co-existing in the industry for some time to come.  When one considers other markets such as stationary storage for the grid and consumer electronics, the market is even bigger, so the world will need all its battery factories producing at full capacity to meet the potential future demand. What are the weight and volume benefits of QS Lithium batteries? Specific energy is the term physicists use to refer to gravimetric energy density, i.e., Wh/kg, whereas energy density is the term they use to refer to volumetric energy density.  A cell with higher specific energy will save weight in the batteries themselves and provide additional weight savings in the battery system.  Less weight in the car from a lighter battery system can then reduce chassis weight, tires, brakes, and more, which can improve vehicle performance and efficiency. 
    A cell with higher volumetric energy density will reduce the size of the modules and pack.  This, too, has follow-on benefits at the system level, requiring fewer connectors and cables, and allowing for safe design of the vehicle with more room for crumple zones, as well more comfort with more room for passengers and cargo.
    QuantumScape’s solid-state lithium-metal battery technology is designed to provide both high specific energy and high energy density.
    What materials are your competitors utilizing to try to enhance EV battery performance? ​​​​​​​Over the years, people have tried to develop solid-state batteries with materials such as polymers, sulfides, oxides, liquids, and composites (which are a mix of other materials, such as polymers and ceramics).  We are not aware of any of these efforts being successful on the metric of delivering long cycle life at high rates of power without requiring elevated temperatures.  Most importantly, to our knowledge none of the competing approaches have presented data showing they are able to prevent dendrites (lithium growths that short circuit batteries) at room temperature and automotive current densities.  To date, the principal way that these competing approaches have avoided dendrites is by compromising test conditions (i.e. low power, short-cycle life, raising the temperature, etc.).  It took us over 10 years, over two million tests, and over $300 million to get to the level of performance we have demonstrated, so we believe this is a very hard problem and will be difficult for competitors to solve. During our development process we also created over 200 patents and applications to protect our unique approach. QS has a complete deep dive paper on fast charging performance versus long range driving and how their solid-state battery is delivering on both compared to having one or the other. White paper: A deep dive into QuantumScape’s fast-charging performance - QuantumScape

    While QS has plenty of science for the nerd in all of us at the link above on this white paper about range/fast charging, some of the few things to point out is that they are based on the science delivering in comparison to a company that uses the Panasonic cells in the model 3 & Y.

    The excitement that comes with these battery break throughs is that we see some amazing changes in how EVs will truly benefit society and not just from less noise, pollution from the tail pipe, less heat, etc. QS battery technology aims to deliver on the one biggest complaint people make about EVs, the amount of stops and charging time spent sitting.

    Here is the latest independent 3rd party testing of the QS cells proving they have delivered on their goals for battery performance.
    FINAL-20211027-Q1-1695-Cell-Cycle-Life.pdf
    For those that like science and want a deep dive into the QS battery look here for more white papers covering this technology.
    Blog - QuantumScape
    How big is this one might ask? Just look to what Volkswagen is doing with the conversion of diesel engine plants into EV battery production plants.
    https://www.wsj.com/video/series/in-depth-features/how-vw-is-turning-engine-factories-into-ev-battery-plants/2154BC2F-A246-42E1-9E28-B221CD194678
    Overall history of batteries was a slow glacial pace for some time and then started to pick up as computers helped in the deep science that went into making better batteries.

    From the above we are arriving at the latest 21st century battery cell. The QuantumScape.

    As we move forward in 2022 with many more EVs coming from traditional and startup EV builders, the future would seem bright for the EV revolution and even brighter as Solid-State batteries enter the game field reducing battery death, increasing performance without any penalty and so much more. I leave you with this final comparison image of Conventional Liquid Battery to a QuantumScape Solid-State Battery and ask you, DO YOU THINK THE FUTURE LOOKS BRIGHT FOR SOLID_STATE EVs?

     
    Building the Best Battery — QuantumScape
    Newsroom - QuantumScape
    Resources - QuantumScape
    Blog - QuantumScape
    Technology - QuantumScape
    Volkswagen, Ford, Other Big Auto Makers Push to Make Solid-State Batteries the Next Big Thing for EVs - WSJ
    QuantumScape partners with 'large' automaker to test battery prototypes | Reuters
    Car Brands by Revenue in 2021 - Global Cars Brands
    EV Manufacturer Mullen Announces Progress on Solid-State Polymer Battery Pack Development (mullenusa.com)

    David

    Is a $574,275 government grant to the University of Maryland Chemistry lab the future battery of the American BEVs?

    Started in 2013 at the University of Maryland Chemistry lab, ceramic solid-state batteries we the brainchild of Dr. Greg Hitz and Dr. Eric Wachsman. The focus was to increase energy density while making it safer and this gained attention when Samsung Note Phones, especially the Note 7 started to catch fire in 2016.
    As per the Wall Street story, the United States is far behind the global rivals in the race for energy supremacy in the Green New World. With this, the idea is to catch up and surpass the competition by having a safer energy dense battery. What was a small investment at the beginning by the department of energy has now grown with $8 million in seed money in 2019 into a full-blown battery business called ION Storage.
    ION Storage will start production on a cell phone size battery pack for the U.S. soldiers which has 50% increase in energy density for the same size and weight of current flammable lithium-ion batteries.
    Now comes the award from the United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC, a group created in 1992 for advanced research of batteries for the auto industry that has been headed by GM, FORD and Stellantis (Formerly FCA) with input from the DOE. This USABC assessment program contract with ION Storage is a 15 month project that will demonstrate the ION Storage Systems high-rate, high-energy density, solid-state batteries as a safe and versatile option for a wide range of automotive applications that includes a 50% cost share with the USABC.
    The DOE believes that the electrochemical energy storage is a key enabling technology for advanced, fuel-efficient, light and heavy-duty vehicle application.
    The Tehcnologies and Teams that the USABC is working on are as follows, advanced propulsion, electrical/electronics, energy storage, hydrogen and fuel cell, manufacturing, materials and of course safety, you can read everything here: 
    USCAR: Technologies & Teams
    ION Storage Systems has contracts for their solid-state batteries which will go to the Defense and aerospace customers allowing an expected generation of revenue by the end of 2023.
    CREB, center for research in extreme batteries showcased ION Storage Systems in January of 2022.
    ION Storage Systems has 4 distinct industry verticals that they are focused on:
    Defense & Aerospace Consumer Electronics Electric Vehicles Grid Storage The Defense and Aerospace segment is needing a safe battery for deployment into extreme use cases with a wide operating temperature and significant energy density over current battery tech that is made in America. Here ION Storage had hit all requirements. 
    Consumer electronics is a space with huge growth potential as battery density in the same packaging is a drive by all tech companies for their latest product releases from cell phones to laptops and ION believes their 50% increase in energy density delivers on that. Due to the Samsung phone fires of years past, nonflammable batteries are another requirement and here ION delivers along with the need for extreme temperature operating range. Just think of your current 8hr battery life on a cell phone now being 12hrs in the same form factor and with dramatically reduced charge time which ION has shown. ION is the only Solid-State battery tech that has achieved the ARPA-E and DOE VTO fast-charge goals for Li-cycling at room temperature, reducing the need for complex cooling.
    Electric vehicles are another space where ION batteries can really benefit the industry. A low cost per kWh, increased energy density extending EV range, shorter wait times with DOE achieved fast charging in a wide range of temperatures again reducing the need for complex cooling systems and mass and a simple battery that has reduced dead space and compression.
    The final vertical as stated above is the Grid Storage where again low cost per kWh, energy density is a win, but better yet is the nonflammable nature of these batteries and with no complex cooling required, an increase in roundtrip efficiency of electrical storage.
    We have covered many batteries startup companies here at Cheers and Gears and they all bring something different to the table. Solid-State is the next level of batteries for many industries and ION is a unique one based on Ceramic. Let's take a closer look at this battery tech. ION Storage Systems has posted a very clear powerpoint type web page and as such, we have the following slides:

    Here is an example of comparing ION Solid-State battery cell to the competition.


    ION Storage Systems has a simple philosophy about who they are:
    WE ARE a carefully cultivated team of seasoned battery industry geeks who know inside and out how batteries have always been made. We're passionate about power! No, not that kind of power. We know how batteries should work and more importantly, what keeps them from working as well as they could.
    THAT'S WHY we knew we had to shake-up how batteries were made if we were going to make YOU a better battery. You know that old saying - doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results is the definition of insanity! Well, that's what other companies have been doing with Lithium Ion for over 30 years.
    SO WE re-imagined not just how batteries are made but what makes them. We merged two technologies that no one's merged before, and the results are a battery that's simply remarkable. And yeah, we're a little cocky about it. We make sure your batteries are safer and stronger - so your products can protect their users and outlast the competition. They're lighter and more rugged - removing design barriers you've had to live with for way too long.
    AND WE do it right here in Maryland. Imagine that - shaping the future right here in the U.S.A. America's always been a powerful place. We're delighted to be a part of powering America's next=generation of possibility.
    TAP INTO THE POWER OF ION
    That pretty much sums up the latest battery tech company that is making waves and looks to power your auto today and the future BEVs of America and then the world.
    For those that want to read about other battery companies, you can also look at the last battery story here:
     
    U.S. Bets on Faster-Charging Battery in Race to Catch Energy Rivals - WSJ
    Prince George’s startup Ion Storage Systems raises $30M to make batteries for the Army and others - Washington Business Journal (bizjournals.com)
    Media | Ion Storage Systems
    Ion Storage Systems Intrinsically Safe Solid State Battery
    Defense Sector Continues Support of Ion Storage’s Extreme “Soldier” Battery | Business Wire
    USCAR: News Release: USABC AWARDS $487,310 BEYOND LITHIUM-ION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM CONTRACT TO ION STORAGE SYSTEMS
    USCAR: The United States Council for Automotive Research

    David

    The days of yearly reviews, raises and maximum auto production might be coming to an end as OEM auto companies find bigger profits in controlling production.

    The Pandemic had at the start made investors fearful that companies would be hurt, and profits and stock payouts would fall if not be stopped right out as companies looked to find ways to save cash as people stayed home due to Covid-19. Yes, some companies did stop many things and some companies even closed due to the global pandemic, yet Auto companies found that having control of a tight inventory actually pushed up record profits and in this their workers have also prospered along with the executives. Here we are posting just how well the OEM auto companies have done for their workers.

    44,000 UAW members, GM employees were eligible profit-sharing payouts of up to $10,250. GM is negotiating in good faith with the UAW to also address due to the chip shortage those employees that were unable to be eligible for profit-sharing due to plant closures. GM employees since 2015 have earned $72,000 in profit-sharing bonuses.

    56,000 UAW members, Ford employees are eligible for $7,377 profit-sharing. Ford is expecting even better earning in 2022 which should push up next year's profit-sharing.

    43,000 UAW members, Stellantis employees are eligible for $14,670 profit-sharing, the largest in 35 years since the bonus cap was removed.

    100,000 Unionized employees at Daimler AG and Mercedes-Benz AG will receive $6,762-dollar profit-sharing bonuses.
    As more auto companies announce their results this story will be updated.
    As profits soar for the auto company segment, one must ask will this increased profitability keep the dealer lots on the lean side of inventory? Is a made to order model the new 21st century model of how to buy an auto?
     
    GM autoworkers eligible for up to $10,250 in profit-sharing for 2021 (detroitnews.com)
    Ford's UAW workforce to get average of $7,377 in profit-sharing checks (freep.com)
    Stellantis UAW workforce set for $14,670 profit-sharing checks (freep.com)
    Mercedes-Benz Giving German Employees Record Bonus, Close to $7,000 - autoevolution

    David

    Over the last decade there have been many news stories that electric vehicles (EVs) create more emissions than internal combustion engines (ICE) due to increased energy consumption during the manufacturing process of the auto and battery packs. The environmental analysis by Yale discovered those claims are just not true.

    We have all been told, large-scale electric vehicle adoption can and will greatly reduce emissions from vehicle tailpipes giving us cleaner air.
    We have also been told by industry analysts that increased indirect emissions from electricity production and battery production that are not regulated by transport policies will offset the change from ICE to BEV having no affect.
    With these two statements in mind, a group from Yale SCHOOL OF THE ENVIRONMENT set out to study which statement is true, or truest in regard to the BEVs assembly and use in society.
    The OEM auto industry is right now in the midst of a major multi-billion-dollar investment of creating and building electric vehicles here in the U.S. and for global consumption with many of these auto companies stating by 2030 to end ICE auto's building and focus 100% on building and selling BEVs only worldwide. The Yale School of the Environment study has been published in Nature Communications. The study found that the total indirect emissions from electric vehicles pale in comparison to the indirect emissions from fossil fuel-powered vehicles. This is in addition to the direct emissions from combusting fossil fuels, either at the tailpipe for ICE vehicles or at the power plant smokestack for electricity generation, showing electric vehicles have a clear advantage emissions-wise over ICE vehicles.
    To quote Stephanie Weber, postdoctoral associate: 
    “The surprising element was how much lower the emissions of electric vehicles were,”
    “The supply chain for combustion vehicles is just so dirty that electric vehicles can’t surpass them, even when you factor in indirect emissions.”
    Question one would ask, what is the major concern with electric vehicles?
    Answer, the electric vehicles supply chain, including the mining and processing of raw materials and the manufacturing of batteries is far from clean.
    Quote from the study on this: 
     “So, if we priced the carbon embodied in these processes, the expectation is electric vehicles would be exorbitantly expensive. It turns out that’s not the case; if you level the playing field by also pricing the carbon in the fossil fuel vehicle supply chain, electric vehicle sales would actually increase.” 
    Also, according to the press release from Yale, the study considered future technological change, such as decarbonization of the electricity supply and found this strengthened the result that electric vehicles dominate when indirect supply chain emissions are accounted for.
    The research team gathered data using a National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) created by the Energy Information Administration, which models the entire U.S. energy system using detailed information from the current domestic energy system and a forecast of the future of the electric system. Wolfram completed a life cycle assessment that provided outputs of indirect emissions, which were then plugged into the NEMS model to see how a carbon tax on these indirect emissions would change the behavior of consumers and manufacturers. Weber assisted in modifying the NEMS code.
    According to the Wolfram, the study shows that "the elephant in the room is the supply chain of fossil fuel-powered vehicles, not that of electric vehicle."  In countries with a sufficiently decarbonized electricity supply, like the U.S., the faster we switch to electric vehicles, the better.
    Yale_Study_EV-Emissions.pdf
    Interesting enough is that studies that have been done have always pointed to life cycle of the BEV and yet no study till now has been done to the life cycle of an ICE vehicle. As such, now that one has been done, it clearly shows that humanity benefits from moving to electric vehicles from ICE vehicles.
    The bigger question I would think is can society get over their political factions to ICE versus BEV for the health of society rather than cling to the past in an attitude of no change is good change?
    The Yale team used a combination of life cycle assessment and energy modeling to analyze the total life-cycle emissions of conventional or ICE vehicles versus EV or electric vehicles. They then calculated a carbon price on those emissions to see what effect that would have on the vehicle market. End result is that EV sales would increase in comparison to gas auto sales due to the larger increase in cost associated with ICE auto production.
    What are your thoughts on the study and the emission question?
    YSE Study Finds Electric Vehicles Provide Lower Carbon Emissions Through Additional Channels | Yale School of the Environment
    Pricing indirect emissions accelerates low—carbon transition of US light vehicle sector | Nature Communications

    David

    Not much more can be said other than another year, another round of fun filled commercials. Here we are posting all the Auto ones to watch, discuss and enjoy.

    Short and sweet, what is not to love about the Superbowl ads. Tell us what you like, as more are released, hopefully we get them all posted here.
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Seems there is a whole series of Dr. EV-il commercials at the GM Youtube channel.
    General Motors - YouTube
    GMC has released a whole series of Declassified videos on new technology.
    GMC - YouTube
    While not all auto ads, if you're looking for Superbowl ads, click here:
    superbowl ads for 2022 - YouTube

    David

    Today the President of the United States, Department of Energy and Department of Transportation announced the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Program, established by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law to build out the national electric vehicle charging network as a step towards making EV charging accessible to all Americans everywhere.

    The nearly $5 billion dollar NEVI program is to help states create a network of EV charging stations along the Interstate Highway System. The total amount available under Fiscal Year 2022 is $615 million and states must submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan before access is given to the funds.

    A second, competitive grant program will be announced later this year with the details on how additional funding can be accessed with a focus on increasing EV charging access throughout the country that is focused on rural and underserved communities. 
    This will help drive charging numbers across the country.

    Quote the press release:
    “A century ago, America ushered in the modern automotive era; now America must lead the electric vehicle revolution,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg. “The President’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law will help us win the EV race by working with states, labor, and the private sector to deploy a historic nationwide charging network that will make EV charging accessible for more Americans.”
    “We are modernizing America’s national highway system for drivers in cities large and small, towns and rural communities, to take advantage of the benefits of driving electric,” said U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm. “The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law is helping states to make electric vehicle charging more accessible by building the necessary infrastructure for drivers across America to save money and go the distance, from coast-to-coast.”
    A part of this Bipartisan program is that the hardware is all to be made in America with details to be found here: EV Charger Manufacturing in America
    A key part of this is the commitment to purchase 30,000 DC Fast chargers per year made in America by Tritium at the Lebanon, Tennessee manufacturing facility that will employ 500 local jobs alone. This is on top of major announcements for key investments in U.S. manufacturing by Intel, General Motors, Boeing, Ford, Siemens, ABB, Freewire Technologies and Dunamis Clean Energy Partners. These companies are focusing on ensuring the U.S. has ample supply of semiconductors, electric vehicles, aircraft, batteries, both current Lithium-ion and all-solid-state, EV charging from home Level 2 chargers to DC Fast chargers and commercial DC Fast Chargers for commercial autos. This program is also working to ensure minorities and especially woman-owned businesses are included in all levels of business in relation to the future of the electric auto industry and supporting supply chain needs in North America.
    This is just a start as the Bipartisan Program also includes $7 Billion in funding to secure American EV supply chain, from materials processing to battery manufacturing and recycling. The bill also will take the EV Charging Network to a total of $7.5 Billion dollars as they bring online the national public charging network that covers rural and underserved communities.
    NEVI will build on the Alternative Fuel Corridors that nearly every state has designated over the past six years. These alternative Fuel Corridors will be the spine of the National EV Charging Network. An example of this is the West Coast Electric Highway that started by ensuring charging was available at rest stops and local restaurants from Vancouver BC, Canada south through Washington, Oregon and California ending in Baja California. This allowed people with BEVs to make road trips all along the west coast and have access to recharging. It has since expanded over the last decade to include many state roads. The coastal road of highway 101 as well as the inner-city highway 99 are both included in the west coast electric highway system.
    West Coast Green Highway: West Coast Electric Highway

    For those that are interested in everything from tools, assistance to jobs in the growing field of zero-emission transportation infastructure, a new web site has been build and is open for folks to review as it is a joint effort by the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation.
    Home Page · Joint Office of Energy and Transportation (driveelectric.gov)
    For those that like a quick list of facts and the details supporting this here is the 411 or detailed go to for information.
    FHWA Notice N 4510.863 - Apportionment Of Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 Highway Infrastructure Program Funds for the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program Pursuant to the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act | Federal Highway Administration (dot.gov) The National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program Guidance (dot.gov) 2.8.22 Clean Draft per HCC edits (dot.gov) Bipartisan Infrastructure Law - 5-year National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Funding by State | Federal Highway Administration (dot.gov) I will say that it is a very interesting observation that those states that have been very resistance to BEVs and the whole green new deal for power in the south are some of the very states getting some of the largest funding for NEVI. A quick example of this is Texas with $407,774,759 in NEVI funding and Florida with $198,057,481 in NEVI funding.
    Current Fiscal Year 2022 Funding by State

    This program is aimed at having the U.S. lead the world in a move to BEVs and put the U.S. on a course to reach net-zero emissions by 2050.
     
    President Biden, USDOT and USDOE Announce $5 Billion over Five Years for National EV Charging Network, Made Possible by Bipartisan Infrastructure Law | US Department of Transportation
    President Biden, DOE and DOT Announce $5 Billion over Five Years for National EV Charging Network | Department of Energy
    President Biden, USDOT and USDOE Announce $5 Billion over Five Years for National EV Charging Network, Made Possible by Bipartisan Infrastructure Law | FHWA
    Alternative Fuel Corridors - Environment - FHWA (dot.gov)

    David

    Lithium-ion and lithium polymer batteries are the dominant battery forms today, but the future is bright for big changes and with that these companies seem to be doing something about it.

    We have had lots of talk about the various BEVs or battery electric vehicles coming and occasionally a few posts on battery tech. Some have been in depth while others have been a 60,000-foot skim on new battery technology that looked and sounds cool. I thought it was about time we took a closer look on what all is going on in the auto battery world.
    First let's have a visual understanding on conventional Lithium-ion battery versus solid-state battery. A few key benefits are not only safer batteries, but smaller, slimer batteries that are more energy dense in nature due to a liquid electrolyte being replaced by some form of solid electrolyte.

    Current battery packs that are used in current electric vehicles use some form of Lithium-ion with a liquid electrolyte that does a very impressive job. Yet even these current battery packs have been known to catch fire usually due to damage from an accident. The dream battery is a safer, non-flammable, all-solid-state battery cell that is energy dense, faster recharge and more flexible in packaging.
    Batteries that have solid electrodes and a solid electrolyte are known as solid state batteries and are poised to take over and replace traditional lithium-ion batteries in various areas of applications, especially electric vehicles. Solid-state battery technology is pivotal to the advancement and development of many technologies. Solid-state batteries are among the brightest solution for extracting maximum range, reducing charging time and enhanced battery-related safety concerns.
    Currently from an investment standpoint, the following companies are getting attention for various reasons due to the possible solid state battery technology they are bringing to market.
    SK innovation (SK innovation)  Solid electrolyte with excellent ionic conductivity and elasticity, which secures both performance and safety SK Innovation accelerates the all-solid-state batteries for replacement of traditional lithium-ion cells Research done by Professor Lee Seung-woo of Georgia Tech University Rubber-type high polymer solid electrolyte allowing for ionic conductivity to be boosted by 100 times. Rubber-like elasticity while operating at room temperature This technology is expected to take a traditional 500km BEV and enhance the range by 800km on a single charge Using their own Z-Folding stacking method of stacking between the zigzag separator, which intersects the anode and the cathode. This z-folding technique minimizes cell stress and uniformly laminates the anodes and cathode, essentially blocking the possibility of contact between electrodes Ceramic coating separator (CCS) reinforced with a mixed weapon layer on one or both sides of the existing lithium-ion battery separator increase heat resistance directly related to the stability of the battery and improves the movement speed of lithium ions. Bipolar Material Technology - High-nickel anode materials maximize energy density while ensuring excellence in capacity, thermal stability and cycle performance compared to conventional batteries. Since 2014 when the world's first supply of NCM622 batteries to electric vehicles, nvm811 and NCM9 are new industry standards and aim to achieve energy densities of more than 1,000Wh\L. Wh\L = Energy Density, the nominal battery energy per unit volume, referred to as the volumetric energy density. Specific energy is a characteristic of the battery chemistry and packaging. Along with the energy consumption of the vehicle, it determines the battery size required to achieve a given electric range. SK Innovation is accelerating production in house and outside of the company by partnering with Solid Power, USA (Home - Solid Power (solidpowerbattery.com))  Located in Seoul, Korea Solid Power (Home - Solid Power (solidpowerbattery.com))  All-Solid-State rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles, 50% denser than current Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries Contain NO volatile or flammable liquid components Longer Life resulting in performance across temperature ranges with a cost savings of 15 to 35% over traditional batteries Currently producing 20 Ah multi-layered Solid-State lithium batteries in prototype form for auto company evaluation 3 types of cells available for purchase Silicon EV cell High-Content Silicon anode - High Charge rates & lower temperature capabilities Sulfide Solid Electrolyte - Powered by Solid Power's proprietary sulfide-based solid electrolytes NMC Cathode - Industry-standard and commercially mature 390 Wh/kg 930 Wh\L 1,000 + cycle life Less than 15 min charge SolidPower_Cells_HighSilicon_v01-vp9-chrome.webm   Lithium Metal EV Cell Lithium Metal Anode - High Energy Sulfide Solid Electrolyte - Powered by Solid Power's proprietary sulfide based solid electrolytes NMC Cathode - Industry-standard and commercially mature 440 Wh/kg 930 Wh\L 1,000 + cycle life Less than 20 min charge SolidPower_Cells_LithiumMetal_Animation_v03-vp9-chrome.webm Conversion Reaction Cell Lithium Metal Anode - High Energy Sulfide Solid Electrolyte - Powered by Solid Power's proprietary sulfide based solid electrolytes Conversion-Type Cathode - Ultra-low cost & high specific energy 560 Wh/kg 785 Wh\L 1,000 + cycle life Less than 30 min charge SolidPower_Cells_NextGen_v01-vp9-chrome.webm   Batteries expected to be on the market in BEVs by 2026 Located in Louisville, Colorado QuantumScape (Building the Best Battery — QuantumScape) High energy density and high specific energy Backed by Bill Gates, Volkswagen, Continental AG, George Soros and other prominent investors Traded on the NYSE: QS Currently the most advanced solid-state battery and industry's first anode-less cell design Battery packs can charge to 80% capacity in 15 minuets, best in class currently QuantumScape has overcome the dendrites problem that forms when fast charging Lower costs by eliminating anode host material and manufacturing costs Located in San Jose, California Ampcera (Ampcera – Solid State Electrolytes) Niche player in high-performance solid-state electrolyte materials Focus use is electric vehicles and grid storage Battery cost of less than $75 per kilowatt hour is expected by 2025 Less than 10-minute ultra-fast charge Solid-state electrolyte materials include sulfides, NASICON-type phosphates and garnet-structure oxides HQ is in Silicon Valley, California with R&D in Tucson Tech Park, Arizona BrightVolt (Solid-State Li-Ion batteries utilizing proprietary polymer matrix electrolyte (PME) technology (brightvolt.com)) Solid-State battery supplier for IoT devices Proprietary polymer matrix electrolyte used in their Lithium-ion batteries High energy density due to the matrix bonding directly to the electrodes, eliminating deadweight and having a total cell electrode thickness of less than .45 mm compared to a conventional lithium-ion cell electrodes that typically have a thickness greater than .7 mm. ProLigium Technology (ProLogium Technology Co., Ltd) Uses lithium-ceramic (oxide solid) electrolytes in their mass produced all-solid-state batteries Has two battery production plants, first one is a 40MWh plant and used more for their proof-of-concept batteries, second plant is a 2 GWh large scale production plant Their solid-state batteries are focused on consumer electronics and wearable products such as watches, clothes, etc.  New agreements in place at the end of 2021 has them entering the auto market with building battery packs for NIO, AIWAYS of China and Mercedes-Benz of Germany and China markets for BEVs 100% fundamentally Safe 2X Longer Range 12 min Fast Charging Depending on application, the BiPolar+ 3D Structure Solid-State EV Battery Pack has a 29% to 56% higher energy density than conventional lithium-ion batteries Located in Taiwan Ilika Plc (Home | Ilika) Solid-state battery company building battery cells for use in MedTech, IoT, BEVs and Consumer Electronics Solid-State batteries that can be customizable to miniaturized mm-scale for powering next-generation Active Implanted Medical Devices (AIMD) or Industrial IoT sensors. Company was founded in 2004 and in 2014 as a spin-out from the School of Chemistry at the University of Southampton started to build the Stereax family of Solid-state batteries Two battery families now Stereax - Micro Solid-state batteries Goliath-Wh-level solid-state cells for BEVs and Consumer electronics Located in Romsey, UK Cymbet (Home of the World's Smallest Solid-State Batteries - Cymbet) Biocompatible thin film rechargeable solid-state smart batteries (SSB) Focus on embedded power capabilities for electronic system designers in microelectronic systems Supporting new concepts in energy storage applications for ICs, Medical, Sensor, RFID, Industrial control, communications and portable electronic devices Located in New Brighton, Minnesota
    Before anyone might ask, another benefit of the all-solid-state batteries is the ability to recycle them easer and faster keeping it a green cycle. here is a basic look visually at this life cycle.

    The final interesting tech piece for this writeup is about a company called Navitas Semiconductor. This company came about by using a waste product from the manufacture of Aluminum. Gallium is a chemical element on the periodic table and a natural by-product create in refining metals, especially aluminum. For decades, there was no known use for this material according to the CEO of Navitas.
    Navitas then combined gallium with nitrogen to create gallium nitride (GaN), it is useful for the semiconductors that go into charging units for consumer electronics devices. A GaN semiconductor operates up to 20X faster than silicon, making it possible in delivering 3X more power and 3X faster charging in half the size and weight while only being 10% to 20% more expensive. Scale will bring down costs according to the Navistar and as such this is where the company takes their high-speed charging technology and now is applying it to the BEV industry.
    The one catch is that to use GaN, one must totally redesign their charging system. Manufactures such as Vivo, Dell and Xiaomi have all changed their charging systems to GaN due to the extreme speed it supports for getting electronics recharged in a fraction of the time and back in use. Navitas believes once the Auto industry sees the benefits of GaN, they will change their charging setup to use their GaN chip and redesign the whole power system around the chip.
    Navistar has so far raised $100 million in funding to bring their ultra-fast charging solutions to the auto industry. Navistar believes more than just charging can benefit from their GaN products.

    So, what is the selling point of Gan semiconductors by Navitas | Creator of GaNFast (navitassemi.com)? Simply Navitas believes they can make a major impact on BEVs. Navistar says that 30% of energy is lost when traveling from the battery to the wheels in transmission. GaN does not have this energy lose like Silicon semiconductors have. Using a GaN superconductors in that transmission, you can avoid the 30% power loss which would allow the BEV OEM to either go 30% longer on the current battery or reduce the battery pack by 30% while maintaining the same current range.
    Check out this interview with the CEO of Navistar
    https://www.cnbc.com/video/2021/11/10/navitas-ceo-says-his-companys-chip-technology-is-faster-cooler-and-more-efficient.html
    No single company can supply it all nor can any single automotive company build and supply their own parts. GM has chosen to hedge their bets much like most companies and the GM Ventures arm of GM Corporation has invested in the North Carolina Battery Company Soelect. Soelect has drawn investments from the following auto companies on top of GM. Hyundai, Kia, Geely, SAIC and LG and SK have all invested in SolidEnergy Systems.
    Investor Relations | General Motors Company (gm.com)
    generalmotorsgeneratione.mp4  
    We also have Ford which according to Teslarati web site about their investors call, Ford is taking a page from Tesla and Stock piling battery cells to insure as they build their battery plants that over the next two years, they can deliver on producing 200,000 Mach-e's a year by 2023, 100,000 Mach-e's by the end of 2022 and a 150,000 F150 Lightings by the end of 2022.
     
     
    For those that might find the various acronym's here challenging, I have the following post to help explain them:
    MIT Guide to Understanding Battery Specifications
     
    7 Top Solid-state Battery Companies 2022 – Advanced Investing for Beginners (ai4beginners.com)
    Technology < About < SK On (sk-on.com)
    SK innovation
    All-Solid-State Batteries - Solid Power (solidpowerbattery.com)
    Technology - QuantumScape
    Ampcera – Solid State Electrolytes
    Our Technology - BrightVolt Solid State Batteries
    ProLogium Technology Co., Ltd
    ProLogium and Mercedes-Benz entered into a technology cooperation agreement to develop solid-state battery cells for electric vehicles - ProLogium Technology Co., Ltd
    Home | Ilika
    Stereax - Micro Solid State Batteries | Ilika
    Goliath Solid State Batteries Powering Electric Vehicles | Ilika
    GM Ventures invests in EV advanced battery startup Soelect | Reuters
    Home of the World's Smallest Solid-State Batteries - Cymbet
    Navitas | Creator of GaNFast (navitassemi.com)
    GM Ventures invests in EV advanced battery startup Soelect | Reuters
    Ford says it is stockpiling batteries for Farley's electric vehicle scaling operation (teslarati.com)

    David

    Koenigsegg a Swedish company ends January on a high note by introducing class leading electric motor and 6-phase inverter to the market. Pioneering Raxial Flux topology is brought to market in their first EV-drive unit.

    January 31st, 2022, Koenigsegg introduced revolutionary BEV technology starting with the David unit, yes this is a revolutionary 6-phase inverter called David. This is followed by the company new Quark Electric Motor that utilized a novel torque/power-rish balance between radial (power-dense) and axial (torque-dense) flux topology called "Raxial Flux". Furthermore, per Koenigsegg press release they have integrated two Quark E-motors with one David inverter, plus planetary gear sets, in order to create a class-leading Terrier, a torque vectoring EV-drive unit.
    Here you have a family photo of the Quark motor to the left, Terrier EV Drive Unit center and David the 6-phase inverter to the right.

    Let's start with the Quark Electric Motor, a 63 lb motor dry weight that produces 335 hp and 443 lb-ft of torque. For scale they have a 330-mL energy drink for comparison in the picture. 330-mL is equal to a 12oz Red Bull energy drink.

    For a better writeup read the following for a detailed explanation of axial flux motors and how they work: 
    Charged EVs | A closer look at axial flux motors - Charged EVs
    In layman terms, the Quark Electric Motor is designed to bolster the low-speed range for brutal acceleration and then focus on horsepower at the top end where you want the high-speed range. This means performance from the big surge of torque off the line with a continued record speed push to a top end speed without any torque or power loses.

    To quote the CEO and Founder Christian von Koenigsegg: 
    “The Quark is unique in its high efficiency in combination with its class-leading torque-to-power-to-rpm-to-weight matrix. This means, when using the Quark in applications such as marine, aircraft or VTOL, there is no need for a step-down transmission, instead direct drive can be achieved, as the RPM of the motor is right from the get-go. Small high-revving motors can have higher peak power to weight ratio, but they need transmissions in most applications in order to get to the desired output rpm and torque, causing energy loss and adding weight and complexity to do the same job. So, any benefit in size is lost. In other cases, like the Terrier application, the transmissions can be reduced in size and complexity compared to higher-revving, less torque dense motors, which is also a big win. I guess we’re trying to reach the edge of optimal in-betweeness,”
    The Terrier EV Drive Unit gained its name in respect to the Terrier dog breed, both are characterized by their small, energetic and fearless demeanor per Koenigsegg.

    The Terrier, is a configuration of two Quark electric motors and one David, 6-phase inverter presenting the opportunity to create the most power/torque dense, torque vectoring drive unit in the EV industry. 670 hp / 886 lb-ft of torque weighing just 187 pounds offering torque vectoring across an axle.
    The Terrier surpasses today's drive units, needing only one inverter that lends 3 phases to each Quark, thereby drastically reducing weight, size and components. Furthermore, the slim packaging of the Quarks allows the slim package of the David to sit between the two Quarks for a super dense package. The Quarks give massive power and torque at reasonable RPMs, only small low-ratio highly efficient planetary gear sets are needed at each output. Further design was taken into account so that the Terrier can be mounted directly to the chassis, thus removing the need for subframes and the added weight they bring.
    David 6-phase Inverter

    Koenigsegg class leading SIC Inverter with 6-phase output delivers high power handling in a lite weight solution. 15 kg or 33 lbs. This ultra-compact inverter produces 1,300 Arms AC at 850 V (DC) over 6 phases with up to 750kW of power. If used in an AWD configuration using the Terrier you have 1.5MW of power in a 1,340 hp / 1,772 lb-ft of torque with Torque vectoring.
    Where did the name come from you ask, Koenigsegg CEO states that their Inverter David is smaller, lighter and more powerful than any inverter on the current market and they named it David in relation to the story of David and Goliath. This is how Koenigsegg see's themselves going up against much larger established auto parts suppliers.
    Both Quark, Terrier and David are designed with OTA capability so that as improvements in the software algorithms and software can be pushed out to continually improve the performance of these auto parts.
    David is designed under the ISO 26262 regulatory framework and international high voltage safety standards. Designed for the harsh automotive environments and designed to emit low electromagnetic emissions.
    This is just the start of Koenigsegg motors, inverters, controllers and batteries to come that will be offered to the auto industry for best in class performance.
    Koenigsegg reinvents the wheel – Koenigsegg
    Quark and Terrier: Koenigsegg’s first in-house E-motor and EV-drive unit with pioneering ‘Raxial Flux’ topology - Koenigsegg (cision.com)
    Koenigsegg creates class-leading SIC Inverter with 6-phase output and names it David - Koenigsegg (cision.com)
    Quark E-Motor_2 - Koenigsegg (cision.com)

    David

    Bridgestone, the owner of the Firestone Complete Auto Care centers in North America is expanding auto offerings by expanding into electric vehicle services and vehicle charging.

    Bridgestone Retail Operations, a subsidiary of Bridgestone Americas has announced the plans to expand auto services for electric and hybrid vehicles services and vehicle charging at 44 Firestone Auto Care and Wheel Works stores.

    To quote:
    Bridgestone-owned Firestone Complete Auto Care and Wheel Works service centers in Austin, Texas, and San Francisco, Calif., will now offer advanced electric and hybrid vehicle services to customers. The expanded services are part of the company’s initiative to address an increasingly electric car parc and contribute to a more sustainable society. In partnership with Blink Charging, Bridgestone will also install a total of 50 level two plug-in electric vehicle charging stations at 25 Firestone Complete Auto Care and Wheel Works stores in select markets beginning early 2022. According to Marko Ibrahim, president, Bridgestone Retail Operations had the following to say: " We truly believe what's good for society is good for business, which is why we are increasing our investments in plug-in vehicle services in two key markets with plans to expand further in the future. The steps we take now will ensure we are the service provider of choice for new-energy vehicles.
    While hybrid and electric vehicle services account for less than 10% of total services at Bridgestone retail operations nationwide, Bridgestone expects significant increase by the end of the decade due to the increase of less than 50 hybrid/bev in 2019 and the expected more than 200 models of BEVs available by 2026 based on IHS Market Sales Based Powertrain Forecast, H1 2021.
    The only thing I would question about this is that they are only looking at Level 2 chargers which is slow when we have DC and people are not going to want to wait at an auto service center to charge for 30 minutes or so, but would IMHO rather have a DC charge of a few minutes.
    Bridgestone Retail Operations to Offer Expanded Electric Vehicle Services, Add Vehicle Charging in Select Markets (bridgestoneamericas.com)

    David

    Rimac Automobili, an EV Hyper Auto builder has become two companies expanding their ability to deliver superior electrification technologies to the auto industry.

    Affective January 1st, 2022, Rimac Automobili became two companies, Rimac Group which is a majority shareholder in the Bugatti Rimac with a 55% stake and Porsche owning the remaining 45%. Rimac Technology is a sister company 100% owned by Rimac Group.
    rimac_technology_video.mp4  
     
    Rimac found themselves working with multiple auto companies to engineer, develop, produce and supply high-performance battery systems, electric drive units, electronic control systems, and user interface components. Rimac has established a reputation for providing leading advanced performance electronic technologies. 
    Rimac Technology is the major supplier of performance electronic BEV components to the following customers:

    Concept to series production, Rimac is dedicated to providing high-performance automotive technology solutions. Experience Rimac Technology.
     
    Rimac Technology currently is commissioned by more than 10 global OEMs using their over 10 years of battery development to produce high-performance battery packs that provide some of the highest power and energy density in high volume production. This starts with cell R&D and integration to multi-Use module design, thermal management from ultra-cold to extreme heat management, battery management, power distribution and DC/DC converters to the final vehicle integration.

    Rimac Technology is based in Zagreb, Croatia with a 1,000-person based team. This team has developed and has for sale to the global auto industry an extensive portfolio that you can find here: Portfolio | Rimac Technology (rimac-technology.com)

    From motors to gear boxes, controllers, distribution systems and even encrypted smart key systems. Rimac motors and gear boxes deliver some of the finest power output with torque vectoring possible. An example is that Rimac has two motors, SPM 280 which offers 375 HP / 205 lb-ft of torque and their SPM 900 motor which offers 603 HP / 664 lb-ft of torque. Taking this into account as an AWD version using the SPM 280 would be a total of 1,500 HP / 820 lb-ft of torque or with the SPM 900 in AWD form is 2,412 HP / 2,656 lb-ft of torque. With the use of Torque vectoring managing the 4 motors you would have world class grip in performance driving as well as possible in hauling a trailer or freight.  The image below shows the independent motors and the combined motor units that can be used in RWD, FWD or AWD. They also have their gearboxes that allow for additional extended combinations for BEV use.

    With a full portfolio of components when it comes to controllers, management systems, power converters, on board chargers, low voltage and high voltage power distribution systems, Rimac believes they have you covered to ensure optimized performance.

    Expanded ECU, ICU and Smart Key systems allows one to just about do a one stop shopping to build ones desired BEV.
    In support of Rimac Green initiative, Rimac has started development on their Green Campus that will allow employees to live and work in harmony with the environment as 36% of the space will be natural vegetation.


    Rimac_Campus_Animation_W.mp4  
     
    Rimac Technology Officially Becomes Its Own Entity - Rimac Automobili (rimac-automobili.com)
    Press Releases Archive - Rimac Automobili (rimac-automobili.com)
    Rimac Group (rimac-group.com)
    Company | Rimac Technology (rimac-technology.com)
    Home | Rimac Technology (rimac-technology.com)

    David

    Consumer reports has released their latest reliable electric vehicle report. This report can be taken in many ways, but the data is great info for all auto companies as they make the move to EVs.

    Consumer reports has had individual reports in the past on various specific models of electric vehicles, but they now publish the following report on the current state of EVs and the reliability of what is out there.
    Consumer-Reports-Insights-for-More-Reliable-Electric-Vehicles-Jan-2022.pdf
    Per the attached report above, we start looking at the latest overview they have put together:
    Per an Executive Order from President Biden, by 2030, half of all new vehicles sold should be zero-emissions vehicles, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid electric, or fuel cell electric vehicles. While EV sales are trending up, they currently make up only 4% of 2021 new vehicle sales. (Source: Wards Intelligence) CR’s 2021 Auto Reliability and Satisfaction survey results reveal that current EV owners are highly satisfied. In fact, survey respondents with EVs report the highest owner satisfaction (76%) of all vehicles (model years 2019 and higher). However, respondents also report significant reliability issues with EVs. Electric SUVs were the least reliable car category. Consumer Reports then had the following key insights and takeaways for auto manufactures:
    The reliability of EVs has significant room for improvement in order to appeal to the majority of new-car buyers who are looking for reliable vehicles. Reliability is “extremely important” (top box) to 71% of new-car buyers, according to CR’s most recent National Car Buying Survey. Despite the high satisfaction rates of current EV owners, who may have been early to adopt EVs for specific reasons such as environmental concerns or interest in new technologies, the mainstream car buyer prioritizes reliability. By providing additional data on EV reliability problem areas, CR hopes to influence future manufacturing decisions that make EVs more reliable, and in turn, more appealing to the majority of new-car buyers. There are lessons to be learned from CR’s Auto Reliability data to improve EV reliability: Compact Hybrids and Plug-in Hybrids are the most reliable. While “simple” electric drive systems can and do have electrical failures and battery pack problems, most of these vehicles are built on proven systems. Electric SUVs are the least reliable. The highest problem areas in EVs often have no connection to the drivetrain. Issues are most commonly found in other components: In-car Electronics, Noises & Leaks, Power Equipment, Climate System, Body Hardware, Drive System, and Paint & Trim. Automakers should focus on building an electric platform and establishing the EV itself as a mainstream vehicle with the same systems and technology that have already proven reliable in their current lineups. If components other than the drivetrain have proven to be reliable, including them may increase the likelihood that the vehicle will have fewer issues. Next step in the Deep Dive of Consumer Reports was the EV Reliability Data which shows that for the 2021 Auto Reliability analysis, compact hybrid/plug-ins were the most reliable auto and electric SUVs were the least reliable per auto catagory.

    Consumer reports then shows that for 2019 to 2021 models, electric vehicles had higher problem rates than internal combustion engine vehicles. The sample showed the following:

    The EV reliability problem rates and top problem areas show that the following issues from electronics to noise and even paint and trim were considerable. These rates were from the optional survey questions that people filled out.

    While CR stated it was just an example of EV reliability problem areas, this does seem to show that one manufacture has more problems than others and begs the question of how legacy OEMs will do as they start to produce BEVs.
    In-car Electronics o Audi e-Tron MY 2019 In-car Electronics problem rate is 11 compared to the model year average of 3.4. Problems reported by CR members include the display screen going blank. Noises & Leaks o Tesla Model X MY 2020 Noises & Leaks problem rate is 9.6 compared to the model year average of 1.3. Problems reported by CR members include seals and weather stripping, air and water leaks, wind noise, and squeaks and rattles. Power Equipment o Audi e-Tron MY 2019 Power Equipment problem rate is 5.1 compared to the model year average of 1.5. Problems reported by CR members include exterior lights. Climate System o Tesla Model S MY 2020 Climate System problem rate is 6.9, 6.1 points above the model year average. Problems reported by CR members include automatic climate control and temperature sensors failing. Body Hardware o Tesla Model X MY 2020 problem rate of 5.8 is 5.1 points above the model year average. Problems reported by CR members include issues with gull wing doors not closing properly. Drive System o Chevrolet Bolt MY 2019 Drive System problem rate is 4.0, 3.3 points above the model year average. Problems reported by CR members include electrical failure, drive unit replacement, and other faulty components. Paint & Trim o Tesla Model Y MY 2020 Paint & Trim problem rate is 7.2, 6.5 points above the model year average. Problems reported by CR members include trim coming loose, and blotchy/mismatched paint on body panels. This report makes one wonder if GM and Ford are paying close attention and how will Rivian fare when this report comes out in January 2023 for the 2022 year. Will we still see Tesla as the leader of EV reliability issues, or will some other auto company take its place?
    Insights for More Reliable Electric Vehicles - Consumer Reports Data Intelligence
    Insights and Impact - Consumer Reports Data Intelligence

    David

    January 5th 2022 VinFast Automotive company from Vietnam introduced their global BEV Portfolio and anounced Factories in the U.S. and Germany. Is this the next HOT BEV company?

    VinFast is Vietnam's first Volume auto company, but it is not stopping there as this is a division of the Vingroup, the largest real-estate company and largest private enterprise in Vietnam. VinFast aims to make "Made in Vietnam" a household term by becoming the largest auto and motorbike brand in Southeast Asia.
    VinFast has a massive Billion-dollar factory in Hai Phong that opened in September 2019. They started with a local 5-person saloon car and 7 person SUV and added a 3rd small hatchback. Working with the Global auto design studios, Pininfarina, Zagato, Torino and Italdesign, VinFast believes they will have the best global desired 20 vehicle portfolio
    These were the original sketches that were released in 2019.

    We fast forward to 2022 CES show where VinFast unveiled three new models to join the existing models. The model lineup goes by the naming convention of VF5, VF6, VF7 which join the existing VF8 and VF9. The VF8 & 9 had other names but were changed for the 2022 model year to be in the same naming convention as the rest of the models. One would have to say not a very imaginative naming system. Very boring and bland much like who a few German companies name their autos.

    The VF 8 and VF 9 are taking reservations at this time for release in 2024 from manufacturing. The VF8 will start from $41,000 and the VF9 will start from $56,000. The prices do not include destination or the cost of a mandatory battery lease. Unlike many other companies, VinFast believes customers would rather buy the auto and then choose the size of battery pack they want and via the lease system be able to scale up or down on size to meet their needs.
    The VF8 & 9 will come with dual-motor powertrain making 402 HP and 472 lb-ft of torque. VF8 is quoted to have a 300-mile range, VF9 is quoted to have a 400-mile range at launch.

    VinFast has a current line of Autos and Scooters that are ICE, they are transitioning over to BEVs and BEVs are the only thing planned for the U.S. at this time according to their press release.
    One can look at their current lineup here: Homepage (vinfastauto.com)
    For the U.S. Market, VinFast has stood up the following web site: VinFast (vinfastauto.us)
    Currently the VF8 & 9 BEVs are listed on the U.S. web site as the VF e35 and e36.

    VinFast has their CES website here with videos: VinFast Global EV Day | VinFast (vinfastauto.us)

    The big question to ask is that many Chinese auto companies have announced they will enter the U.S. auto market and have failed. Will VinFast finally succeed? Next question to ask is how will consumers feel about mandatory battery leases?
     
    'VinFast', Vietnam’s First Ever Carmaker, Unveils Logo - Logo Designer - Logo Designer (logo-designer.co)

    David

    VOLTEMPO of the UK has released their all new 1MW Ultra Chargers in the UK and it is coming to a city near you soon.

    VOLTEMPO is deploying in the UK first their scalable, modular hyperfast HyperCharging stations for both business and consumers. This 1,000kW or 1MW chargers is a game changer and is backwards compatible with all current EVs.

    This DC HyperCharging system can support up to 24 EVs at the same time delivering a full charge in approximately 6 minutes depending on your EVs onboard charging support.
    VOLTEMPO is working closely with government agencies, stakeholders and interested companies wanting to implement their charging system in commercial and retail solutions.
    According to VOLTEMPO, the first commercial installation will take place at a charging hub at the Tyseley Energy Park in Birmingham at the start of 2022. From new offices in Austin Texas USA, sales and installation will start in 2023 and then a European Launch in 2024.
    Additional information can be looked at in their FAQ section.
    VOLTEMPO Measurable Benefits are as follows:
    Up to 30% faster charging, through dynamic power management. Typically, 30% cheaper installation, through our patented centralized charging design. 70% fast installation, installed in hours or days, not months, through modular construction. Future-ready design: ready to accept future charging standards, including wireless and megawatt charging as new standards emerge. Start small, grow at your own pace. Boost power with more power modules; increase capacity by adding charging bays. Hyper scalable: capable of servicing 30% more charging outlets for the same power availability. Market-leading return on investment, with a typical payback of 3-5 years.  
    | Voltempo™

    David

    US battery company Factorial Energy based in Woburn Massachusetts secures major Auto OEMs for their groundbreaking 40 Ah solid state battery. Bringing superior energy density, safety and scalability to the OEM EV industry.

    Factorial Energy has had a major 4th quarter as they secured Agreements with Stellantis, Daimler, Hyundai and Kia to use their 40Ah battery packs in their electric vehicles.

    The company backed by major investors such as Former President and CEO of Ford Motor Company, Mark Fields; former senior advisor to the Obama Administration's presidential task force on the Auto Industry, Harry Wilson and investment firms Gatemore Capital Management and Wave Equity Partners have enabled Factorial to jump from a tech startup doing research to a commercial production company.
    Factorial Energy has stated that for EVs to go from a global 4% capture of the global car sales market to a dominate primary auto, buyers need to see dramatic price and performance improvements in the battery systems. Factorials proprietary battery breakthrough called FEST (Factorial Electrolyte System Technology) is a solid electrolyte material that enables save and reliable cell performance with high-voltage and high-energy density electrodes. FEST is safer than conventional current EV battery technology. Fest battery packs have yielded a 20 to 50% improvement in driving range without sacrificing pack longevity and are easy to integrate into existing supply chains.
    Earlier this year, Factorial Energy has stated that several major automotive partners were validating their technology in real world auto testing. This clearly has completed as they currently announced agreements with Stellantis, Daimler, Hyundai and Kia for jointly developing from the cell-level to modules and vehicle integration production of their 40Ah solid state battery cells.
    Factorial Energy with their new partners is building plants around the world to ramp up production for new EVs that are coming out through 2025.
    Every company is taking a different approach to working with Factorial Energy. Daimler is looking to use it in a limited series to get EVs out onto the market as they R&D and work to build their own batteries. Hyundai and Kia look to use this company in all EVs as one of many suppliers in getting EVs into mainstream use and purchasing. Stellantis has stated these batteries will be used across the whole company portfolio from Americus brands, to European, Asian and into Africa. Stellantis sees these solid-state batteries as a starting point for mass adoption of global EVs.
    As Factorial likes to state, for ages, the promise of an affective, safe solid-state battery has been the ultimate unattainable goal - ideal, enticing but always out of reach.
    Consider this Quote:
    "The storage battery is, in my opinion, a catchpenny, a sensation, a mechanism for swindling the public by stock companies."
    The speaker: Thomas Edison, The year: 1883.
    138 years later, that sentiment has held true.
    Factorial Energy has invested heavily in solid-state battery research over the past 6 years and their process is a practical customer-driven solution, a balanced performance-profile solid-state cell that scales at a reasonable cost. Applications perfect for this solid-state battery cell are EVs, Hi-Spec such as electric planes and stationary storage.
    Transformational solid-state battery technology that is empowering a sustainable future with the highest performance and safest batteries for electric vehicles, homes and critical applications is the message from Factorial Energy.
    Join the Future!
    Solid-state Battery & Technology News | Factorial (factorialenergy.com)
    Hyundai, Kia and Factorial Energy to Jointly Develop Solid-State Batteries for Next Generation Electric Vehicles - Hyundai Newsroom
    Stellantis and Factorial Energy to Jointly Develop Solid-State Batteries for Electric Vehicles | Stellantis
    Solid-state batteries: Mercedes-Benz teams up with Factorial Energy - Daimler Global Media Site

    David

    NIO has announced that they have a strategic agreement with Shell for battery charging and swapping facilities across China and Europe.

    Founder, Chairman and CEO of NIO, William Li announced with Executive VP István Kapitány of Shell Mobility have signed a strategic cooperation agreement to collaborate on electric vehicle charging and battery swapping across China and all of Europe.
    Nio and Shell will jointly construct and operate the battery charging and swapping facilities. Initial phase 1 will be to have 100 battery stations up and running in China by 2025 and to jointly build and operate an undisclosed number of stations across Europe by 2022 that will be available to NIO customers. 
    NIO started auto deliveries to Norway this fall of 2021 marking its first step outside China in opening up new territories of business. In 2022 NIO will expand sales across Europe with both retail and commercial offerings. NIO started in 2018 in China and has delivered over 100,000 electric vehicles.
    Shell is one of the world's largest gasoline retailers and has announced they plan to be a leading charging service provider worldwide as they add charging to their global station network.
    Together NIO and SHELL will explore and collaborate on opportunities in global battery asset management, fleet management, membership system, home charging services, advanced battery charging and swapping technology development and construction of fast charging facilities.
    NIO and SHELL have both stated this cooperation demonstrates the ability to use the strengths of both companies as they accelerate the energy transition and commitment to sustainable development globally.

    NIO has stated that this agreement will help accelerate the existing NIO stations in China of which NIO operates 301 battery swap stations, 204 power charging stations and 382 destination charging stations in China. NIO has completed as of this announcement 2.9 million battery swaps and 600,000 uses of One-Click-for-Power services.
    NIO and Shell agreement will help NIO achieve going beyond their current target of having 700 battery swap stations by the end of 2021. From 2022 to 2025 NIO / SHELL will build an additional 600 battery swap stations in China and by the end of 2025 NIO / SHELL plans to have over 4,000 battery swap stations globally.
    NIO has also announced that the NIO Power Charging ans swapping system, as well as BaaS (Batter-as-a-Service), will be fully available to the global industry.
    NIO has expanded on what Tesla once thought and considered for battery swapping which can be done in 90 seconds or so on a Tesla, but costs of $60 to $80 per swap made it too expensive for CEO Musk. As such Tesla has continued to push charging only and improvements to their battery tech saying that BSM (battery Swap Mode) will go away as the industry focuses on fast charging only. NIO does not believe BSM will get kicked out as NIO autos can be charged or swapped depending on the needs of the customer and with BaaS (Battery-as-a-Service) this gives customers more options in being able to purchase the auto they want and only pay for larger battery packs when they need them for say a long road trip. NIO believes BSM, BaaS and self-charging are not in conflict but complement each other based on the needs at the time for the customer. This battery tech option allows customers to recharge, replace or upgrade at the users choice and convenience rather than forcing a single option on them.
    Does the Battery Matter?
    Tesla has chosen to take the supercharger station as the focus to eventually get to where ICE autos are with recharging in 5 to 10 minutes to a full battery pack. NIO believes that a battery swap of a depleted one for a fully charged one is a better option especially when one might want to go to a larger or smaller battery pack depending on driving needs.
    NIO BaaS allows owners to buy the auto they want without a battery pack. This allows a savings of $10,000 dollars on average for all of the NIO models, NIO owners then subscribe to a 70 kilowatt battery subscription for $142 a month, stopping by battery swap stations to get a fully charged one when it is needed.
    NIO admits that the BaaS is a great tool to get user feedback on battery performance and user preferences as they can move up or down in battery size depending on their driving needs.
    NIO owners have loved the battery swapping service which on average takes only 10 minutes or less. Customers have also stated they love the reservation system to ensuring a fully charged battery is ready for them ahead of their arrival at the station. This makes for a convenient road trip system.
    NIO offers a wide range of EVs from the NIO EP9 performance car to the CUV 6 series with the ET7 sedan and ES8 CUV in between serving the needs of all customers.
    EP9

    ES8

    ET7

    EC6

    NIO Signs Strategic Cooperation Agreement with Shell | NIO
    NIO Announces NIO Power 2025 Battery Swap Station Deployment Plan | NIO
    Tesla vs Nio: Is it smarter to charge or swap battery? - CGTN

    David

    Washington state was the first state in the USA to pass a 2030 auto electrification through both chambers marking an end to ICE sales in the state. Since then additional states have passed legislation or signed executive orders halting the sales of ICE such as New York and California by 2035. Now polling of registered voters is telling a message of support for this.

    According to the latest poll from Yale University, George Mason University and Climate Nexus commissioned by the nonprofit Coltura, finds that 55% to 35% margin in requiring all new autos sold in their state to be electric starting in 2030.
    As per multiple scientific and university groups, carbon pollution biggest source is gasoline powered cars and world leaders coming off the heels of the COP26 climate gathering are trying to address this mounting climate crisis. Yes, not everyone will agree with these polls or the science behind climate change and as a multi-cultural society, we must work to at times agree to disagree and still find a way to move forward. Humanity has always come together for the good of society.
    Polls are now showing strong voter support for aggressive climate action. This is of course based on a number of understandings such as the following positive impacts:
    73% believe a positive impact on air quality 64% believe a positive impact on climate change 61% believe a positive impact on individual health 58% believe a positive impact on energy independence 52% believe a positive impact on urban communities 51% believe a positive impact on suburban communities This is clearly a generational belief when one looks at how phasing out ICE auto sales are looked at by voter groups.
    Voters aged 18-34 (71%) believe 2030 is when ICE auto sales should end. 69% of Black voters believe 2030 is when ICE auto sales should end. 67% of Hispanic voters believe 2030 is when ICE auto sales should end. This is even more interesting to review when you look at the full transition to electric auto's broken down by state.
    Michigan voters support this change by a 55 to 33% margin Nevada voters support this by a 52 to 39% margin Colorado voters support this by a 50 to 38% margin New York voters support this by a 66 to 24% margin Massachusetts voters support this by a 62 to 28% margin New Jersey voters support this by a 58 to 30% margin Some will ask and the voter survey was of 2,678 registered voters across the nation's states. Some were as low as only 153 respondents from Hawaii to 350 in New York, Massachusetts and other states.
    So yes, one can say this is a small pool to sample to the almost 168.31 million registered voters in the US.
    The focus on posting this is to encourage civil discussion on if this is not only reachable, but if it should be done or not, why and why not and to encourage the discussion on the future of the ICE versus EV industry.
    Many states have committed billions of dollars over the next few years to installing electric charging stations across their state to help the transition to EVs. Some auto makers are taking it a step further such as Hyundai / Kia that is supporting not only the highspeed 800V plug in charging but also wireless charging of their auto's so that end users can use wireless pads that are installed at their home be it a house, condo or apartment for constant full charge at the start of each day.
    Some places such as the West coast and even the East coast that is catching up in charging installation are leading compared to the Mid-west that is trailing. Change is inevitable and for some, a strong resistance to change will keep them in ICE for a long time while others will embrace the change of fueling from home as a dominant way to get to work, run errands, live life.
    Post your thoughts on these latest polls on how you think this will play out. Please be polite, do not get political, but focus on the technology, the change to society and the pro's and con's of what you think moving to EV sales only by 2030 or 2035 depending on where you live will do for the world, country, state economy.
    Clean Cars 2030 Polling — Coltura - moving beyond gasoline
    Our News — Coltura - moving beyond gasoline


    David

    Be it a AA battery size cell or a pouch, the holly grail of battery research is smaller size with denser energy. Recently some major break throughs have happened on the Solid State front that brings Safe, Long-lasting and Energy-dense that can possibly revolutionize the BEV industry.

    Be it grid storage, computers, cell phones and especially electric vehicles, a safe, long-lasting, and energy-dense battery in a smaller form factor is what every company is looking for in selling their products today. ICE or internal combustion engine vehicles have dominated the last 100 years, but the next 100 years seems to be looking at a major change and while ICE auto's will be with us for some time, technology is going to change the way humans get around in the 21st century.

    Let's start with a little background information on battery format. You have your Cylindrical size cells that is used by Tesla and a few other companies in the auto industry around the world. There is then the Prismatic cell format which has been used by Toshiba for their SCiB cells that are also being used by various auto companies and the last is Polymer a pouch size cell that is being used in the auto industry such as GM with their Ultium battery packs.
    There are pros and cons to all formats depending on the company you talk too. Here we are not going to get into this area except to say that their is various weight with each type of format and of course the denser you can get the battery cell with long-life and safety while in a smaller format, the more flexible the design of an auto has.
    The solid-state break through comes via a partnership of LG Energy Solutions and University of California Dan Diego.

    Working together the engineers have created a new type of battery that combines two promising sub-fields into a single battery. The two areas are as follows, the solid state battery, being no liquid inside the battery and the anode which in traditional Lithium batteries is made of metallic lithium. Here the anode is made of 100% silicon. As such you have a solid state silicon battery cell. The research has shown that this design allows for a very safe, long-lasting and energy-dense cell. The applications of which can be applied to storage for the electrical grid to electric vehicles and so much more where battery technology is used.

    From left to right in the picture above:
    1) The all solid-state battery consists of a cathode composite layer, a sulfide solid electrolyte layer, and a carbon free micro-silicon anode.
    2) Before charging, discrete micro-scale Silicon particles make up the energy dense anode. During battery charging, positive Lithium ions move from the cathode to the anode, and a stable 2D interface is formed.
    3) As more Lithium ions move into the anode, it reacts with micro-Silicon to form interconnected Lithium-Silicon alloy (Li-Si) particles. The reaction continues to propagate throughout the electrode.
    4) The reaction causes expansion and densification of the micro-Silicon particles, forming a dense Li-Si alloy electrode. The mechanical properties of the Li-Si alloy and the solid electrolyte have a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and contact along the 2D interfacial plane.
    This battery technology was published in the Journal Science nanoengineers from University of California San Diego in collaboration with researchers at LG Energy Solutions made this breakthrough possible.
    To quote the published report: The development of silicon anodes for lithium-ion batteries has been largely impeded by poor interfacial stability against liquid electrolytes. Here, we enabled the stable operation of a 99.9 weight % microsilicon anode by using the interface passivating properties of sulfide solid electrolytes. Bulk and surface characterization, and quantification of interfacial components, showed that such an approach eliminates continuous interfacial growth and irreversible lithium losses. Microsilicon full cells were assembled and found to achieve high areal current density, wide operating temperature range, and high areal loadings for the different cells. The promising performance can be attributed to both the desirable interfacial property between microsilicon and sulfide electrolytes and the distinctive chemomechanical behavior of the lithium-silicon alloy.

    Silicon anode in traditional lithium batteries while safer have till now received much less attention due to the lower capacity these batteries hold. Yet solid-state has become a game changer with considerable increases in performance across a wide range of temperatures and excellent cycle life in full cell use.
    What does one gain in going with this design? Currently a silicon anode in a solid-state battery is 10 times greater in energy density over a commercial lithium ion battery used in a BEV that is on the market. To quote the lead author on the paper, Darren H. S. Tan PhD in chemical engineering, "With this battery configuration, we are opening a new territory for solid-state batteries using alloy anodes such as silicon". Solid-state next generation batteries currently have had restrictions on charge rates and temperature during charging. The silicon anode overcomes these limitations, allows faster charging rates at room temperature while maintaining high energy density.
    The laboratory testing delivered 500 charge and discharge cycles with 80% capacity retention at room temperature, which represents exciting progress for both the silicon anode and solid state battery technologies.
    To understand why this is such an important breakthrough keep this in mind, silicon offers great storage capacity, 10 times greater than graphite. Lithium-ion batteries with silicon added to the anode mix increased energy density, but suffered from real-world performance issues; the number of times the battery can be charged and discharged while maintaining performance is not acceptable.
    This problem is caused by the interaction of the silicon anodes and the liquid electrolytes it is paired with. This get complicated by the large volume of expansion of silicon particles during the charge and discharge cycle resulting in severe capacity losses over time.
    Per the UC San Diego team, by eliminating the carbon and binders and going with an all-silicon anode using micro-silicon a much less processed and less expensive material over nano-silicon which has been used in the past they were able to reduce cost. They then addressed the root problem being the liquid electrolyte that causes instability. Here they used a sulfide-based electrolyte which showed this solid electrolyte to be extremely stable with the all-silicon anodes.
    This creative out-of-the-box thinking has allowed them to have this breakthrough and will continue to support their research as they move forward on taking this to commercial productivity. This dual approach to battery design has removed the challenges that come with organic liquid electrolyte as they went with a solid electrolyte. It also allowed them to get ride of unwanted side reactions by removing the carbon on the anode with solid electrolyte, thus avoiding continuous capacity loss that typically occurs with liquid-base electrolytes.
    This two-part move has allowed the researchers to reap the full benefits of low cost, dense or high energy and the properties of silicon being environmentally benign.
    To quote LG Energy President and Chief Procurement officer Myung-hwan Kim; “With the latest finding, LG Energy Solution is much closer to realizing all-solid-state battery techniques, which would greatly diversify our battery product lineup.”
    As the solid state battery race moves forward, LG will be bringing this to commercial market selling these batteries via their various partners such as a potential new battery design via GM's Ultium system

    News Room | LG Energy Solution (lgensol.com)
    A New Solid-state Battery Surprises the Researchers Who Created It (ucsd.edu)
    Carbon-free high-loading silicon anodes enabled by sulfide solid electrolytes (science.org)
    New all-solid-state battery is safe, long-lasting, and energy-dense - Inceptive Mind
    New all-solid-state battery holds promise for grid storage and EVs (newatlas.com)
    A New Solid State Battery Surprises The Researchers who Created it, all-Silicon Anode - LG Energy Solution - Batteries News

    David

    Beating the current competition by over 100 miles, the Lucid Air Dream Edition R is the longest-range electric car.

    The Lucid Group of Newark California announces today, the 16th of September 2021 a new standard in the advanced luxury EVs. The Lucid Air Dream Edition has received an official EPA rating of 520 miles of range, the longest-range rated electric vehicle ever rated by the EPA delivering over 100+ miles of range over the closest competitor.

    The Lucid Air Dream Edition achieves 520 miles of range while delivering 933 horsepower and will sit along side the Lucid Air Dream Edition Performance model at 1,111 horsepower and the Grand Touring version at 800 horsepower. 
    To quote Peter Rawlinson, CEO and CTO of the Lucid Group:
    “I’m delighted that our Lucid Air Dream Edition Range has been officially accredited with a range of 520 miles by the EPA, a number I believe to be a new record for any EV. Crucially, this landmark has been achieved by Lucid’s world-leading in-house EV technology, not by simply installing an oversize battery pack,”
    Lucid is using their race proven 900V battery technology in conjunction with BMS technology, miniaturized drive units, coupled with their Wunderbox technology in deliverying ultra-high efficiency, enabling further travel on less battery energy. To quote Lucid, "The next generation of EV has truly arrived!"

    The complete family of Lucid Air vehicles have received their official EPA rating testing on versions with both 19" and 21" wheels. The Lucid family of cars which have 6 models now take the top six positions for overall EPA range rating among EVs as well as the highest MPGe ratings in the Large vehicle class.
    Official EPA AWD ratings:
    Lucid Air Dream Edition 19" wheels - 520 miles of Range (837 km) @ 933HP Lucid Air Dream Edition 21" wheels - 481 miles of Range (774 km) @ 933HP Lucid Air Dream Edition Performance 19" wheels - 471 miles of Range (758 km) @ 1,111HP Lucid Air Dream Edition Performance 21" wheels - 451 miles of Range (726 km) @ 1,111HP Lucid Air Grand Touring 19" wheels - 516 miles of Range (830 km) @ 800HP Lucid Air Grand Touring 21" wheels - 469 miles of Range (755 km) @ 800HP
    Lucid does remind potential customers that EPA estimated ranges are meant to be a general guideline for consumers when comparing vehicles and can change up or down based on driving style. These ratings are based on the Lucid battery pack of approximately 113 kWh.
    Lucid will also have lower levels of auto's to come following the production of the current 6 models. The following models will be released at a future date:
    Lucid Air Pure - 480 HP and 406 estimated range Lucid Air Touring - 620 HP and 406 estimated range Pricing is as follows for the Lucid electric cars:
    Air Pure starting from $77,400 Air Touring starting from $95,000 Air Grand Touring starting from $139,000 Air Dream Edition Range and Performance starting from $169,000 Lucid Configurator is available here: Configurator | Lucid Motors

    Lucid is truly going after the highest end luxury auto market and is making a statement by surpassing the Tesla S Long Range electric car that currently has a 405 miles EPA range (652 km).

    Lucid believes they have brought together following their company's mission statement of sustainable energy by creating the most captivating electric vehicles, centered around the human experience. The interior is a modern 21st century luxury of comfort driving experience. Lucid features a luxurious full-size interior space in a mid-size exterior footprint.

    Production of the Lucid Air auto line is being done at Lucid's new factory in Casa Grande, Arizona.
    To quote Motor Trend in their review of the Lucid Air Dream Edition R in a drive from Los Angeles to San Francisco California and back to the Lucid HQ in Newark California, this 445 mile trip was covered with 72 miles of range to spare, "This is a Mic Drop". Motor Trends Jonny Lieberman put's it this way: "Remember range anxiety? As with internal combustion engines, it's a thing of the past!"
    In reviewing the information Lucid has released to date along with their pictures of of the exterior and interior of the cars, it appears a line has been drawn in the sane in regards to Luxury levels for the interior with the highest level of fit n finish.
    Tesla, Mercedes, BMW, Audi, Porsche, Cadillac, Lincoln, Lexus, Infinity, Genesis, etc. are you luxury auto lines listening? Are you paying attention to the new bar in electrical efficiency and luxury expectations?
    Welcome to the Lucid Air Revolution!
    Lucid Air Officially EPA-Rated at 520 Miles of Range | Lucid Motors
    Media Room | Lucid Motors
    An absolute triumph of efficiency, Lucid Air achieves 520 miles of range. | Lucid Motors
    Compare Side-by-Side (fueleconomy.gov)

    David

    The south lawn of the White House is where President Biden nudged the auto industry forward on the move to battery electric auto's targeting new auto sales of 50% by 2030.

    President Biden was joined by the auto industry Executives of FORD, GM and Stellantis in the executive order targeting 50% of new auto sales by 2030.

    While largely symbolic, this nonbinding order sets federal expectations for automakers to rapidly transition from ICE to BEV cars and trucks. Transportation is the largest share of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions.
    While not in attendance, BMW, HONDA, VOLKSWAGEN and VOLVO have all signed off on this executive order backing to target 50% of their new auto sales to be BEV by 2030 mirroring these companies pledges to hit this as they sided with California and their CARB mandates a few years back.
    UAW is backing Ford and GM push to go all electric by 2035. This on top of the following statements from auto industry executives.
    “It has been said that this generation is the first to feel the impact of climate change, and the last that can do something about it. I am proud that Ford is leading the electric revolution and standing for stronger standards that protect people and the environment as we progress towards a zero-emissions transportation future. Ford has always been a leader in sustainability and our employees continue their tremendous efforts to leave our children and our grandchildren with a cleaner planet.”
    - Executive Chair Bill Ford
    “Ford is on an ambitious trajectory to lead the electrification revolution -- from being the only full-line American automaker to side with California in favor of stricter greenhouse gas emissions, to electrifying our most iconic and popular vehicles, like the F-150 Lightning, Mustang Mach-E and E-Transit. Customer demand has exceeded our expectations. So, we expect to be well positioned to have fully electric vehicles account for 40 to 50% of our U.S. sales by 2030. We’re counting on strong cooperation among the Biden Administration, Congress and state and local governments, and are doing our part by developing high-quality, zero-emission vehicles that customers want.”
    - CEO Jim Farley
    Mary Barra(She/Her) •  • FollowingChair and Chief Executive Officer at General Motors2w • 2 weeks ago Yesterday, we met with the Biden administration and leaders across the industry to announce our shared aspiration to bring the nation closer to a more sustainable future by achieving 40-50% annual U.S. sales of electric vehicles by 2030. 

    I want to thank the administration for its leadership and support for the necessary policies that will accelerate #EV adoption, strengthen U.S. manufacturing, and provide good jobs for people and communities.

    This is a critical moment in time, as we work together to advance the industry and achieve our shared goal for a better planet for generations to come. https://lnkd.in/ec4aKSY3
    As such, the support and focus from the auto industry will drive new technology and new choices in personal mobility.
     
    Ford, GM and Stellantis Joint Statement on Electric Vehicle Annual Sales
    Ford Statements on Electric Vehicle Sales and White House Announcement | Ford Media Center
    Stellantis Media - Ford, GM and Stellantis Joint Statement on Electric Vehicle Annual Sales (stellantisnorthamerica.com)
    California Framework Automakers’ Joint Statement on New Federal Vehicle Emissions Standards. (bmwgroup.com)
    California Framework Automakers’ Joint Statement on New Federal Vehicle Emissions Standards (hondanews.com)
    FACT SHEET: President Biden Announces Steps to Drive American Leadership Forward on Clean Cars and Trucks | The White House
    Statements on the Biden Administration’s Steps to Strengthen American Leadership on Clean Cars and Trucks | The White House

    David

    MAHLE offers an electric motor with advantages not combined in any other motor of this type by any other vendor or auto OEM to date.

    Permanent magnets made using rare-earth metals is what currently drives the electric auto motors. These rare-earth metals are 15 elements that run the periodic table from 57 to 71 including yttrium and scandium which are soft silvery-white heavy metals. Very destructive to the environment and almost entirely controlled by China, but used in a wide range of electronics from computers, cell phones to current electric/hyrid auto's. Not much in the electronic industry is not using some rare-earth metals.

    MAHLE under the guidance of Dr. Martin Berger, MAHLE Vice President for Corporate Research and Advanced Engineering has stated that the MAHLE breakthrough shows that the New Generation of Traction Motors is the best way forward for a cleaner planet. MAHLE traction motor does not require the rare-earth magnets for a magnetic field generation but instead uses an excitation coil located in the rotor to do the same job. As a result, the MAHLE traction motor is rare-earth material free reducing the impact on the earth and over all society while also making it much cheaper to produce these motors.
    Wireless inductive power transmission which this motor uses inside allows for contact-free parts which has no friction allowing for no wear and long life. Inductive motors have now overcome the durability question which was critical in the past. Efficiency of the technology is boosted by current advanced digital control systems.

    As per Dr. Berger, "To get energy to the rotor, it uses an alternating field which is then converted into direct current for the magnet coils. These magnet coils replace the permanent magnets. They induce a magnetic field into the air gap and causes the motor to generate torque."
    This new traction motor is able to achieve 96 plus percent efficiency according to MAHLE. Eliminating exposure to fluctuating costs of the expensive materials and any ethical concerns with having to rely on a material supply that is controlled by China.
    Per MAHLE this new traction motor allows a major step towards sustainable mobility while helping to minimize the impact on the planet.
    Better yet is that these motors are maintenance-free while being suitable for a wide range of applications.
     
    Home - MAHLE Group
    MAHLE develops highly efficient magnet-free electric motor - MAHLE Group
    en-us_20210505_press_release_magnet_free-hv_motor.pdf (mahle.com)
    Products - MAHLE Group

    David

    British Columbia to Baja California (BC to BC) West Coast Electric Highway has served millions in ensuring there was basic electric charging for battery electric vehicles. Now a major change is coming to the WCEH.

    The west coast green highway has served millions and the website has been a well used source to ensure all trip planning allowed for proper charging options to those using BEVs to go on a road trip.

    Level 1 & 2 chargers with the occasional Level 3 fast DC charger has been the norm over the 10 year life for the WCEH. Now Washington and Oregon is moving forward to enhance this by contracting with EVCS who also purchased a series of charging sites in both states and will work with local state and county agencies to upgrade the 50kW DC chargers with CHAdeMO ports used by Nissan leafs to current high speed DC chargers with both CHAdeMO and CCS connectors.
    These stations are spread out among I5, I90 and Highway 101 on the coast.
    The benefits of this will be the following:
    Fast chargers every 25 to 50 miles along select routes Close proximity to freeway ramps Convenient parking Located in areas with secondary activities like restaurants and grocery stores. Easy access to picturesque locations like Oregon's Crater Lake, Multnomah Falls, Painted Hills, Washington's Snoqualmie Falls and Skagit Valley. 44 stations in Oregon and 12 stations in Washington have the following venues when it comes to charging needs:
    Ten (10) city properties (convention centers, visitor centers, parks, etc.) Nine (9) grocery stores Eight (8) restaurants Eight (8) miscellaneous properties ( Country stores, transit centers, office buildings, etc.) Seven (7) hotels and or motels Six (6) gas stations Five (5) Casinos Three (3) shopping malls. The WCEH is the largest contiguous network of DC fast chargers in the North America giving confidence to travel up and down the west coast.

    This is a welcome upgrade to the PNW and one of the largest expanding electric highway systems currently in North America.
    West Coast Green Highway: Home
    West Coast Electric Highway (evcs.com)
    Oregon Department of Transportation : Electric Vehicles and EV Infrastructure : Programs : State of Oregon
    Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure Partnerships | WSDOT (wa.gov)



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